Influence of the Feed Rate in the Single-Lip Deep Hole Drilling Process on the Surface Integrity of Steel Components
High strength steels like AISI 4140 are commonly used in many technical areas in which the mechanical properties of materials have to meet special requirements, for example, in the case of dynamically loaded parts. In the automotive industry increasing requirements due to lightweight design or energy efficiency lead to increasing demands on the mechanical and dynamic material strength. In response to this development, optimized machining processes are capable of improving the mechanical properties like fatigue performance by influencing the surface integrity of the machined components. In this paper, the influence of the single-lip deep hole drilling process on the surface integrity of quenched and tempered AISI 4140 specimens is analyzed in detail. Under variation of one of the main process parameters, the feed rate, the process output parameters such as cutting forces and the resulting condition of the machined surface and subsurface are determined. In combination with the analysis of the resulting hardness, microstructure and surface conditions of the machined surface, a magnetic Barkhausen noise (MBN) analysis with a custom-built sensor is applied and further developed. With this non-destructive technique, the surface integrity of the bore wall and the fatigue damage over the lifecycle of the part can be analyzed. The correlation of the surface integrity produced by the single-lip deep hole drilling process with the results from the micro-magnetic measurements are used to improve the possibility of predicting a components fatigue performance.
KeywordsFatigue life enhancement Single-lip deep hole drilling Residual stress
The project “Investigations on the influence of machining and sulphur content on the fatigue strength of the quenched and tempered steel 42CrMo4+QT” was funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) – project number 320296624. All authors would like to thank the DFG for their support.
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