Optimal Renewable Energy Resource Based Distributed Generation Allocation in a Radial Distribution System
Distributed generation (DG) allocation is the most promising source for reducing network loss and enhancing bus voltage stability in a distribution system. Because of the vast availability and nonpolluting character of renewable energy resource, it is gaining more attention nowadays. The most widely used renewable-based DG (RDG) is wind turbine (WT) and solar photovoltaic (SPV). Power generation patterns of the WT and SPV modules are random and nonlinear because the power output of WT and SPV modules are dependent on wind speed and solar irradiation. These require a probabilistic model to represent the actual power generation. The present paper reflects the potency of WT and SPV modules for reducing system losses and enhancing voltage stability. A new hybrid gray wolf optimizer (HGWO) is proposed to solve the DG allocation problem. The proposed optimization method is tested on IEEE 12- and 15-bus radial distribution system (RDS) and it is found that the proposed HGWO has more potency in terms of loss reduction and voltage stability enhancement compared to the existing techniques.
KeywordsRenewable energy source Optimal DG allocation Meta-heuristic optimization Hybrid gray wolf optimizer Wind and solar DG Renewable distributed generation
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