Community Development Through Sustainable Technology—A Proposed Study with Irula Tribe of Masinagudi and Ebbanad Villages of Nilgiri District

  • T. V. Rajeevan
  • S. RajendrakumarEmail author
  • Thangavel Senthilkumar
  • S. Udhaya Kumar
  • P. Subramaniam
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1045)


Irulars are one among six Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) of Tamil Nadu. In the study area, Masinagudi and Ebbanad villages, the Indigenous community dwells in thick forest region of Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary. In comparison with other PVTGs, Irula community of these regions are behind in development due to their remote location. They have very minimum basic amenities, nutritional deficiencies, high dropout rate in schools, low literacy rate, and often migrate to other places in search of better livelihood. It resulted in the community to face the vulnerable living conditions. Unemployment, indebtedness, inadequate healthcare and poor education facility for children are increasing problems of this community. Added to that, the practice of unsustainable agriculture, chemical utilization, contaminating the wildlife habitats and nearby environment. The increasing conflicts of animal–domestic animal and animals–human shows that Irula community is at risk. The present study focuses on development of Irulas community with appropriate sustainable technologies reviewing successful intervention from different aspects. The probability of implementation of successful intervention of appropriate sustainable technologies will be presented as framework to promote the Irula community of Masinagudi and Ebbanad village of Nilgiris district.


Technology Sustainable Irula Masinagudi Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary 



We would like to render our gratitude to all the authorities in the Ministry of Tribal Affairs, GoI for the financial support (F.No.15025/5/2017-TRI), and the management of Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore for providing support during writing stage of this paper. We thank our project partner, Tribal Research Centre, Ooty and our project assistant Mr. P. Gunanithi who supported in field activities. Our sincere thanks to Dr. V.S. Ramchandran, Centre of Environmental Studies, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham for providing valuable feedback in final review of this paper.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social WorkAmrita Vishwa VidyapeethamCoimbatoreIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Sustainable Future, Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials ScienceAmrita Vishwa VidyapeethamCoimbatoreIndia
  3. 3.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringAmrita Vishwa VidyapeethamCoimbatoreIndia
  4. 4.Department of Tribal WelfareTribal Research CentreUdhagamandalamIndia

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