Drought Tolerance: Breeding Efforts in Sugarcane

  • A. K. MallEmail author
  • Varucha Misra
  • B. D. Singh
  • Mukesh Kumar
  • A. D. Pathak


Water is an essential necessity for proper crop growth and high yield. The requirement of water for the crop could not be fulfilled just by the uptake by crop roots from ground but by additional irrigation. The levels of groundwater is depleting with increase in time due to excessive usage /wastage and high temperatures this will cause defciency of water not only for irrigation but also for human consumption. Deficiency of water in crop leads to several changes in physiological and metabolic activities. In sugarcane crop, changes in leaf water potential, relative water content, osmoregulators, etc. have been observed. Sugarcane is an important crop in terms of economical purposes as it is the main producer of sugar and bio-energy all throughout the world. The prevailing drought condition due to the climate change scenario is hampering the productivity of the crop. To manage this problem, developing a tolerant variety for such a condition is the best option although there are several constrains in doing so. Furthermore, for breeding a tolerant variety, the breeder must keep in mind the selection criteria for choosing the right parent for achieving the correct result. This chapter is emphasizing on the breeding efforts in developing a drought-tolerant sugarcane variety.


Breeding Candidate genes Drought Sugar Sugarcane Tolerance 



disulfide isomerase protein 1


ethylene-responsive factor proteins


heat shock proteins


indole-3-glycerol phosphate synthase


late embryogenesis abundance proteins


reactive oxygen species

Scdr 1

sugarcane drought-responsive gene 1


superoxide dismutase genes


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. K. Mall
    • 1
    Email author
  • Varucha Misra
    • 1
  • B. D. Singh
    • 1
  • Mukesh Kumar
    • 1
  • A. D. Pathak
    • 1
  1. 1.ICAR-Indian Institute of Sugarcane ResearchLucknowIndia

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