Geographic and Historical Origin of Wheat

  • Chi Yen
  • Junliang Yang
  • Zhongwei Yuan
  • Shunzong Ning
  • Dengcai Liu


The investigation on the wild wheat in the past 100 years have found wild wheat including T. monococcum var. boeoticum, T. monococcum var. thaoudar, T. urartu, T. turgidum var. dicoccoides, and T. timopheevi var. araraticum. However, the wild type of common wheat has been not found yet. The wild T. monococcum is distributed in the Middle East and nearby regions, including Balkans, Turkey, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, northern Iraq, Northwestern Iran, Armenia, Azerbaijan, the Transcaucasia, the northern coast of the Black Sea, and southern coast of the Sea of Azov to the Crimean Peninsula. T. urartu is distributed in the mountains of Armenia, Israel, Syria, Palestine, northwest Iran, southeastern Turkey, and other Fertile Crescent areas. T. turgidum var. dicoccoides is distributed in the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, namely northern Palestine, Lebanon, western and northwestern of Syria, southeastern Turkey, northeastern Iraq, and adjacent areas of northwestern Iran, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Transcaucasia. T. timopheevi var. Araraticum is only distributed in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Naxçivan, and Iran. Apparently, these wild species had existed before humans began farming. The primitive humans selected wheat as a food resource, probably due to the relatively big grains with high quality. After the primitive humans knew how to cultivate, T. monococcum and T. turgidum were then cultivated and spread.


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Copyright information

© China Agriculture Press & Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chi Yen
    • 1
  • Junliang Yang
    • 2
  • Zhongwei Yuan
    • 3
  • Shunzong Ning
    • 1
  • Dengcai Liu
    • 3
  1. 1.Triticeae Research InstituteSichuan Agricultural UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.Triticeae Research InstituteSichuan Agricultural UniversityYa’anChina
  3. 3.Triticeae Research InstituteSichuan Agricultural UniversityChengduChina

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