Xi Must Be Obeyed: The New Peking Order

  • Richard Javad Heydarian


The chapter discusses the evolution of China’s political economy and foreign policy throughout the post-World War II period, beginning with the revolutionary policies of the Mao Zedong regime to economic opening under Deng Xiaoping, followed by liberalization under Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao administrations and, finally, the global assertiveness of Xi Jinping, who has adopted a more strident foreign policy, which has sent shockwaves across the world. In many ways, Xi is combining the confrontational elements of Mao era with the economic charm offensive of his two predecessors. The chapter places the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) within this broader historical background, providing a prognosis of the future of Chinese foreign policy in the twenty-first century.


Xi Jinping Empire Charm offensive 


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© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Javad Heydarian
    • 1
  1. 1.Visiting Research FellowNational Chengchi UniversityTaipeiTaiwan

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