Ocular Adnexal of Sports-Related Eye Injuries

  • Gokhan Gurelik
  • Huseyin Baran Ozdemir
Part of the Ocular Trauma book series (OCTRA)


Ocular injuries affect mostly young population and may cause important morbidity and disability. Sports-related eye injuries are common cause of ocular and adnexa trauma which is totally preventable. Most common type of sports-related ocular trauma is adnexal injury, followed by closed-globe injury. Prevention of sports-related eye injuries is the most effective way to reduce morbidity and cost. This chapter discusses the epidemiology, mechanism, classification and treatment of sports-related ocular adnexa injuries.


Sports injury Sports-related ocular injury Ocular adnexa injury Orbital fracture Ocular compartment syndrome Eyelid laceration Canalicular laceration Conjunctival laceration 



All authors declare no conflict of interest.

The authors thank Onur Konuk, MD and Berçin Tarlan, MD for the excellent photographs from Gazi University Department of Ophthalmology Oculoplastics Surgery Section that have been used in this chapter.

All figures in this chapter have never been published anywhere else.

Informed consents were obtained from the patients for the figures presented in this chapter.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gokhan Gurelik
    • 1
  • Huseyin Baran Ozdemir
    • 1
  1. 1.Ophthalmology DepartmentGazi University Faculty of MedicineAnkaraTurkey

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