Controversial Issue

  • Amalia Amadora Ascarza
  • Agustín Pedalino
Part of the Ocular Trauma book series (OCTRA)


The aim of this chapter is to investigate the general characteristics of sports-related eye injuries in patients visiting the emergency department and to discuss the different treatment alternatives in controversial cases, which are solved in different ways depending on the medical institution or medical criteria.


Eye injuries Sports Trauma Athletic injuries Eye protection Treatment 


  1. 1.
    Moon S, et al. Analysis on sports and recreation activity-related eye injuries presenting to the emergency department. Int J Ophthalmol. 2016;9(10):1499–505.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Haring RS, et al. Epidemiology of sports-related eye injuries in the United States. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(12):1382–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Micieli JA, et al. Eye and orbital injuries in sports. Clin Sports Med. 2017;36(2):299–314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Boden BP, et al. Eye injuries in high school and collegiate athletes. Sports Health. 2017;9(5):444–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nerad JA. Techniques in ophthalmic plastic surgery. London: Elsevier; 2010.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Finsterer J. Ptosis: causes, presentation, and management. Aesthet Plast Surg. 2003;27:193–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jacobs SM, et al. Traumatic ptosis: evaluation of etiology, management and prognosis. J Ophthalmic Vis Res. 2018;13(4):447–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Guven S, et al. Prognostic factors for open-globe injuries: variables for poor visual outcome. Eye (Lond). 2019;33(3):392–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Arévalo F, et al. Update on sympathetic ophthalmia. Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol. 2012;19(1):13–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    McCracken W, et al. Sports-related eye injuries. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2017;16(2):64–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Simanjuntak GW, et al. Risk factors for poor visual outcome in traumatic hyphema: Jakarta eye trauma study. Niger J Clin Pract. 2018;21(7):921–4.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kanski J. Clinical ophthalmology. A systematic approach. Spain: Elsevier; 2012.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Javed Ali M. Principles and practice of lacrimal surgery. New Delhi: Springer; 2015.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amalia Amadora Ascarza
    • 1
  • Agustín Pedalino
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OculoplasticsSanta Lucía HospitalBuenos AiresArgentina

Personalised recommendations