Advertisement

Understanding the Cost of Migration: Facilitating Migration from India to Singapore and the Middle East

  • Michiel BaasEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Research on low-skilled migrants in Asia has emphasized the cost of migration and the loans with exploitative repayment schemes migrants take out to finance their trajectories. However, the amounts paid to migrate abroad tend to vary considerably. This article pays heed to the call to pry open this black box by focusing on migration brokerage between India and Singapore. It does so specifically by examining the way those active in the Indian migration industry fix their rates for the services they render. Drawing on extensive case material collected in the greater Chennai region of Tamil Nadu (India), this chapter shows that there are multiple economic and social factors that contribute to the cost of migration.

Keywords

Labour Migration Brokerage Debt Migration India–Singapore 

References

  1. Baas, M. (2017). The mobile middle: Indian skilled migrants in Singapore and the ‘middling’ space in-between migration categories. Transitions: Journal of Transient Migration, 1(1), 47–63.Google Scholar
  2. Goh, C., Wee, K., & Yeoh, B. S. A. (2016). Who’s holding the bomb? Debt-financed migration in Singapore’s domestic work industry (Working paper 38). Migrating out of Poverty.Google Scholar
  3. Lindquist, J. (2010). Labour recruitment, circuits of capital and gendered mobility: Reconceptualizing the Indonesia migration industry. Pacific Affairs, 83(1), 115–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Lindquist, J., Xiang, B., & Yeoh, B. S. A. (2010). Introduction: Opening the black box of migration: Brokers, the organization of transnational mobility and the changing political economy in Asia. Pacific Affairs, 83(1), 7–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Rahman, M. D. M. (2017). Bangladeshi migration to Singapore: A process-oriented approach. Singapore: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore

Personalised recommendations