Advertisement

Invaded Island: Wartime Enclosures and Post-war Memories

  • Sophia Davis
Chapter

Abstract

Deepening my focus on the nation’s edge, this chapter investigates the themes of invasion, intrusion and militarisation in this landscape and their role in forming understandings of the region. These stories centre on the Second World War, when the landscape was doubly mobilised. The land was recruited, and its people deployed in the total war that Britain experienced for the first time, and the people of the Suffolk coast felt particularly close to the front line and invasion as a host of military activities and physical structures filled the area, many of which persisted in the landscape. The second sense of mobilisation operated on a more symbolic level, as the English countryside was imbued with meaning and myth. This chapter explores how the militarisation of the landscape was integrated into countryside writing and how invasion myths continued to circle around the area.

References

  1. Addison, William. 1950. Suffolk. London: Hale.Google Scholar
  2. Allen, J. 2008. “What Went on in the Battle Area?” Orford & District Local History Bulletin 11: 30.Google Scholar
  3. Anonymous. Suffolk Oral History Archive, OHT 148, Suffolk Public Record Office, Ipswich.Google Scholar
  4. Anonymous. Suffolk Oral History Archive, OHT 149, Suffolk Public Record Office, Ipswich.Google Scholar
  5. Anonymous. Suffolk Oral History Archive, OHT 176, Suffolk Public Record Office, Ipswich.Google Scholar
  6. Anonymous. Suffolk Oral History Archive, OHT 183, Suffolk Public Record Office, Ipswich.Google Scholar
  7. Appleby, John T. 1997. A Suffolk Summer. Bury St Edmunds: The Alastair Press. First published 1948.Google Scholar
  8. Arbib, Robert S. 1947. Here We Are Together: The Notebook of an American Soldier in Britain. London: Longmans, Green.Google Scholar
  9. Arnott, W. G. 1952. Alde Estuary: The Story of a Suffolk River. Ipswich: Norman Adlard & Co.Google Scholar
  10. Batsford, Harry. 1940. How to See the Country. London: Batsford.Google Scholar
  11. Bowyer, Michael. 1986. Air Raid! The Enemy Offensive Against East Anglia 1939–45. Wellingborough: Patrick Stephens.Google Scholar
  12. Boyes, Georgina. 1993. The Imagined Village: Culture, Ideology and the English Folk Revival. Manchester: Manchester University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Brooke, Jocelyn. 1948. The Scapegoat. London: Bodley Head.Google Scholar
  14. Browne, R. Douglas. 1981. East Anglia 1940. Dalton: Lavenham, Suffolk.Google Scholar
  15. ———. 1986. East Anglia 1941. Lavenham, Suffolk: Dalton.Google Scholar
  16. ———. 1988. East Anglia 1942. Lavenham, Suffolk: Dalton.Google Scholar
  17. Bull, S. 1942. “Last Days in England’s Most Unhappy Village.” Daily Express, 9 July.Google Scholar
  18. Calder, Angus. 1969. People’s War. London: Pimlico.Google Scholar
  19. Carter, George C. 1951. Forgotten Ports of England. London: Evans Brothers.Google Scholar
  20. Charlesworth, J. B. 1946. “Orford Battle Area.” Letter to Editor, East Anglian Daily Times, 31 May.Google Scholar
  21. Chenery, R. “Orford Battle Area.” Letter to Editor, East Anglian Daily Times, May 1946.Google Scholar
  22. Childs, John. 1998. The Military Use of Land: A History of the Defence Estate. Bern: Peter Land.Google Scholar
  23. Cole, Tim. 2010. “Military Presences, Civilian Absences: Battling Nature at the Sennybridge Training Area, 1940–2008.” Journal of War & Culture Studies 3 (2): 215–235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Collier, B. 1957. The Defence of the United Kingdom. London: HMSO.Google Scholar
  25. Cook, R. 1992a. “Further Wartime Tales of Bodies on the Beach.” East Anglian Daily Times, 6 June.Google Scholar
  26. ———. 1992b. “Attempted German Landing Claims Gain More Backing.” East Anglian Daily Times, 20 June.Google Scholar
  27. Cunningham, Valerie. 1989. British Writers of the Thirties. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  28. Daily Herald. 1942. “Villages That Must Die Take It on the Chin.” 11 July.Google Scholar
  29. Daily Sketch. n.d. “W.O. Break Word to Villages.” Geoffrey Holmes Collection, Orford Museum.Google Scholar
  30. ———. 1945. “Beauty Spot May Stay as Battleground.” 9 April.Google Scholar
  31. Deer, Patrick. 2009. Culture in Camouflage: War, Empire and Modern British Literature. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Dudley, Marianna. 2012. An Environmental History of the UK Defence Estate, 1945 to the Present. London: Continuum.Google Scholar
  33. East Anglian Daily Times. 1942. “The King in East Anglia.” 8 August.Google Scholar
  34. ———. 1946. “Suffolk Battle Area Mystery.” 11 May.Google Scholar
  35. ———. 1946. “The Derelict Battle Areas.” 17 May.Google Scholar
  36. ———. 1947. “Orford Battle School Creeps Back to Life.” 5 April.Google Scholar
  37. ———. 1947. “Battle School Mines Hold Up Work of Reclamation. Shock For East Suffolk Committee.” 9 April.Google Scholar
  38. ———. 1948. “Orford Battle Area.” 24 February.Google Scholar
  39. Eastern Daily Press. Unknown article title, 8 October 1941. Held in Geoffrey Holmes Collection at Orford Museum.Google Scholar
  40. Edwards, Sam. 2015. Allies in Memory: World War II and the Politics of Transatlantic Commemoration, c. 1941–2001. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  41. Fleming, Peter. 1957. Invasion 1940: An Account of the German Preparations and the British Counter-Measures. London: R. Hart-Davis.Google Scholar
  42. Gardiner, Juliet. 1992. ‘Over Here’: The GIs in Wartime Britain. London: Collins & Brown.Google Scholar
  43. Gusterton, Hugh. 2007. “Anthropology and Militarism.” Annual Review of Anthropology 36: 155–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Haining, Peter. 2004. Where the Eagle Landed: The Mystery of the German Invasion of Britain, 1940. London: Chrysalis Books.Google Scholar
  45. Hayward, James. 2001. The Bodies on the Beach: Sealion, Shingle Street and the Burning Sea Myth of 1940. Dereham, Norfolk: CD41 Publishing.Google Scholar
  46. Heazzell, Patrick. 2010. Most Secret: The Hidden History of Orford Ness. Stroud: The History Press.Google Scholar
  47. Hopkins, Chris. 2006. English Fiction in the 1930s: Language, Genre, History. New York: Continuum International Publishing Group.Google Scholar
  48. Ingham, J. H. 1952. The Islands of England: A Survey of the Islands Around England and Wales and the Channel Islands. London: Batsford.Google Scholar
  49. Jobson, Allan. 1944. Suffolk Yesterdays. London: Heath Cranton.Google Scholar
  50. ———. 1948a. North East Suffolk. Wrotham: Coldharbour Press.Google Scholar
  51. ———. 1948b. This Suffolk. London: Heath Cranton.Google Scholar
  52. Keer, R. C. 1946. “Orford Battle Area.” Letter to Editor, East Anglian Daily Times, 29 May.Google Scholar
  53. Mass Observation. 1940. Report 372, “Morale in Coastal Suffolk.”Google Scholar
  54. ———. 1941. Report 703, “Alderton and Other East Suffolk Villages, 1941.”Google Scholar
  55. ———. 1941. Report 884, “Morale in Ipswich, September 1941.”Google Scholar
  56. Matless, David. 1998. Landscape and Englishness. London: Reaktion Books.Google Scholar
  57. Mee, Arthur. 1941. Suffolk: Our Farthest East. London: Hodder & Stoughton.Google Scholar
  58. Mellor, Leo. 2011. Reading the Ruins: Modernism, Bombsites and British Culture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  59. Meredith, Hugh. 1929. East Anglia. London: Robert Scott.Google Scholar
  60. Messent, C. J. W. 1949. Suffolk and Cambs. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  61. Ministry of Information. 1945. Land at War. London: HMSO.Google Scholar
  62. Moën, Lars. 1941. Under the Iron Heel. London: Hale.Google Scholar
  63. Newsome, Sarah. 2003. “The Coastal Landscapes of Suffolk During the Second World War.” Landscapes 2: 42–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Nicholls, J. 2001. “The Legend of Shingle Street.” Evening Star, 27 December.Google Scholar
  65. ‘One of Them’. 1946. “Orford Battle Area.” Letter to Editor, East Anglian Daily Times, May.Google Scholar
  66. Parsons, Martin. 1998. I’ll Take That One: Dispelling the Myths of Civilian Evacuation 1939–45. Peterborough: Beckett and Karlson.Google Scholar
  67. Pennington, J. 1950. “East Anglia.” In Country Lover’s Companion: The Wayfarer’s Guide to the Varied Scenery of Britain and the People Who Live and Work in the Countryside. London: Odhams Press.Google Scholar
  68. Poulter, M. 2008. “Introduction.” Orford & District Local History Bulletin 11: 1–2.Google Scholar
  69. Rawlinson, Mark. 2001. “Wild Soldiers: Jocelyn Brooke and England’s Militarised Landscape.” In The Fiction of the 1940s: Stories of Survival, edited by R. Mengham and N. H. Reeve. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  70. Reeve, N. H. 1989. The Novels of Rex Warner: An Introduction. New York: St. Martin’s Press.Google Scholar
  71. Reynolds, David. 2000. Rich Relations: The American Occupation of Britain 1942–1945. London: Phoenix Press.Google Scholar
  72. Robertson, A. W. P. 1954. Bird Pageant: Field Studies of Some East Anglian Breeding Birds. London: Batchworth Press.Google Scholar
  73. Rooke-Matthews, E. J. Papers of 92/37/1. Department of Documents, Imperial War Museum.Google Scholar
  74. Sack, Robert. 1986. Human Territoriality: Its Theory and History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  75. Sackville-West, Vita. 1944. The Women’s Land Army. London: Michael Joseph.Google Scholar
  76. Samuel, Raphael. 1994. Past and Present in Contemporary Culture: Theatres of Memory. Vol. I. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  77. Sasha Davis, Jeffrey. 2007. “Military Natures: Militarism and the Environment.” GeoJournal 69 (3): 131–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Scarfe, Norman. 1972. The Making of the English Landscape: The Suffolk Landscape. London: Hodder & Stoughton.Google Scholar
  79. Shirer, William. 1941. Berlin Diary: The Journal of a Foreign Correspondent, 1934–1941. London: Hamilton.Google Scholar
  80. Smith, R. S. W. Suffolk Oral History Archive, OHT 498, Suffolk Public Record Office, Ipswich.Google Scholar
  81. Spaight, James. 1941. The Battle of Britain 1940. London: Geoffrey Bles.Google Scholar
  82. Steinbeck, John. 1942. Bombs Away: The Story of a Bomber Team. New York: The Viking Press.Google Scholar
  83. Stewart, Victoria. 2006. Narratives of Memory: British Writing of the 1940s. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Tompkins, H. W. 1949. Companion into Suffolk. London: Methuen.Google Scholar
  85. Underwood, Charlie. 2008. “Teenage Years in Wartime Orford.” Orford & District Local History Bulletin 11: 4–10.Google Scholar
  86. Unknown. 1942. Daily Express, 17 November 1942. Geoffrey Holmes Collection, Orford Museum.Google Scholar
  87. Unknown. 1947. “Army Frees 10,000 Acres.” Geoffrey Holmes Collection, Orford Museum.Google Scholar
  88. Unknown. 1948. “The Restoration of Sudbourne.” Geoffrey Holmes Collection, Orford Museum.Google Scholar
  89. Waddell, Frank. 2008. “The Evacuation of Sudbourne and Iken.” Orford & District Local History Bulletin 11: 11–13.Google Scholar
  90. Wainwright, Martin, ed. 2007. Wartime Country Diaries. London: Guardian Books.Google Scholar
  91. Wallace, Doreen. 1945. East Anglia. London: Batsford. First published 1939.Google Scholar
  92. War Cabinet 245 (40), 9 September 1940: 42. Held at National Archives.Google Scholar
  93. Ward, Sadie. 1988. War in the Countryside 1939–45. London: David & Charles.Google Scholar
  94. Warner, Rex. 1941. The Aerodrome: A Love Story. London: Bodley Head.Google Scholar
  95. Webb, G. 1942. “‘Battle’ Training Makes Tommies 50 p.c. Tougher.” Daily Sketch, 17 September.Google Scholar
  96. Werner, Emmy E. 2001. Through the Eyes of Innocents: Children Witness World War II. London: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  97. White, John Baker. 1955. The Big Lie. London: Evans Brothers.Google Scholar
  98. Wilson, David. 1977. A Short History of Suffolk. London: Batsford.Google Scholar
  99. Wright, Patrick. 1996. The Village That Died for England: The Strange Story of Tyneham. London: Vintage.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sophia Davis
    • 1
  1. 1.BerlinGermany

Personalised recommendations