Genome Modification Approaches to Improve Performance, Quality, and Stress Tolerance of Important Mediterranean Fruit Species (Olea europaea L., Vitis vinifera L., and Quercus suber L.)

  • Hélia CardosoEmail author
  • Andreia Figueiredo
  • Susana Serrazina
  • Rita Pires
  • Augusto Peixe


In the last decades, the interest on traditional Mediterranean fruits highly increased, not only due to the constant demand of consumers for new crop alternatives but also due to the identification in such species of molecules with important properties for human health (e.g., resveratrol from grapes and oleuropein from olives). Efforts to improve the production capacity and fruit quality, as well as the resistance to biotic and abiotic stress, in such fruit species, were achieved by plant breeders using mainly classical breeding approaches (e.g., selection, hybridization, and mutagenesis); nevertheless, breeding support by plant tissue culture techniques, by marker-assisted selection, as well as by genome modification was also used. Here we will present the state of the art related with the production of transgenic plants in three Mediterranean fruit species with important impact on the economy, olive, grapevine, and cork oak. The achievements, problems, and future perspectives will be discussed.


Mediterranean fruit species; Genome modification; Improved nutrition; Stress tolerance; Transgenic plants 



This work was financially supported by national funds through FCT (Foundation for Science and Technology) under the Project UID/AGR/00115/2019 and PTDC/BIA-BQM/28539/2017 and by the Project OLEAVALOR (ALT20-03-0145-FEDER000014) funded by FEDER through the Program Alentejo 2020; Hélia Cardoso and Susana Serrazina were supported by FCT through postdoc fellowship SFRH/BPD/109849/2015 and SFRH/BPD/108653/2015, respectively; Andreia Figueiredo was also supported by FCT, under the investigator FCT program IF/00819/2015.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hélia Cardoso
    • 1
    Email author
  • Andreia Figueiredo
    • 2
  • Susana Serrazina
    • 2
  • Rita Pires
    • 3
  • Augusto Peixe
    • 4
  1. 1.ICAAM – Instituto de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais Mediterrânicas, Instituto de Investigação e Formação AvançadaUniversidade de Évora – Pólo da MitraÉvoraPortugal
  2. 2.Biosystems & Integrative Sciences Institute (BioISI), Faculdade de CiênciasUniversidade de LisboaLisboaPortugal
  3. 3.Departamento de Fitotecnia, Escola de Ciência e TecnologiaUniversidade de Évora – Pólo da MitraÉvoraPortugal
  4. 4.Departamento de Fitotecnia, ICAAM, Escola de Ciência e TecnologiaUniversidade de Évora – Pólo da MitraÉvoraPortugal

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