Experimental Study of Purification Performance of PM2.5 by Air Filters at Different Grades

  • Xin ZhangEmail author
  • Yuesheng Fan
  • Huan Wang
  • Wei Xie
  • Liang Liu
  • Jie Liu
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


In this paper, the filtration performance of PM2.5 of eleven kinds of different grades filters commonly used in the Chinese market was tested by experiments for atmospheric dust. The results showed that the arrestance and resistance of PM2.5 at different grades were different. When the filtration velocity of C1–C4 coarse filters were around 1.9 m/s, the arrestance of the filters reached the maximum, and the maximum value of the filtration velocity was less than the range of 2.0–2.5 m/s which was given by the standard. When the filtration velocity was about 0.7 m/s, the arrestance of Z1 medium efficiency filter reached the maximum. For the Z2, GZ1–GZ3, YG1–YG2 grades filters, the smaller the filtration velocity was, the higher the filtering efficiency had. The resistance curve of the filters showed a rising arc, and the relationship between filtration velocity, filtration efficiency, and resistance was analyzed. The filtration efficiency of PM2.5 at various grades of filters and the corresponding filtration efficiency were plotted. The resistance range map provided references for the selection of filters.


PM2.5 Air filters Filtration performance Evaluation 



The project is supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (2016YFC0700503), and the Special Research Project of Shaanxi Provincial Department of Education (17JK0467).


  1. 1.
    Cakmak, S., Dales, R., Kauri, L.M., et al.: Metal composition of fine particulate air pollution and acute changes in cardiorespiratory physiology. Environ. Pollut. 189(12), 208–214 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kim, K.H., Kabir, E., Kabir, S.A.: Review on the human health impact of airborne particulate matter. Environ. Int. 74, 136–143 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gu, X.Y., Chu, X., Zeng, X.L., et al.: Effects of PM2.5 exposure on the Notch signaling pathway and immune imbalance in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Environ. Pollut. 226, 163–173 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Teoldi, F., Lodi, M., Benfenati, E., et al.: Air quality in the Olona Valley and in vitro human health effects. Sci. Total Environ. 579, 1929–1939 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Abdolghader, P., Brochot, C., Haghighat, F., et al.: Airborne nanoparticles filtration performance of fibrous media: a review. Sci. Technol. Built Environ., 1–25 (2018)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Liu, L.: Study of the filter efficiency for controlling indoor particulate matter in air-conditioning buildings. Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an (2014)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Yang, S., Zhu, Z., Wei, F., et al.: Carbon nanotubes/activated carbon fiber based air filter media for simultaneous removal of particulate matter and ozone. Build. Environ. 125, 60–66 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Singh, V.K., Ravi, S.K., Sun, W., et al.: Transparent nanofibrous mesh self-assembled from molecular LEGOs for high efficiency air filtration with new functionalities. Small 13(6), 1884–2018 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wang, Z., Xu, Z., Li, J.: Evaluation of aerosols counter method for efficiency of air filter. HV&AC 42(1), 8–11 (2012)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Huang, H.: Experimental study on the grading performance of PM2.5 purification materials and filters. South China University of Technology, Guangzhou (2016)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    An, M.: The Construction and optimization of purifying performance evaluation system of air filter materials. Hebei University of Science and Technology, Shijiazhuang (2015)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zhu, H.: A study of filtration material’s purifying performance to particles in environment by experiment. Donghua University, Shanghai (2005)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xin Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yuesheng Fan
    • 1
  • Huan Wang
    • 1
  • Wei Xie
    • 1
  • Liang Liu
    • 2
  • Jie Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Building Services Science and EngineeringXi’an University of Architecture and TechnologyXi’anChina
  2. 2.Chongqing North Car Construction Engineering Co., Ltd.ChongqingChina

Personalised recommendations