Simulation and Optimization Analysis of Summer Indoor Thermal Environment for School Buildings in Hot Summer and Cold Winter Zone

  • Lili ZhangEmail author
  • Yuyao Hou
  • Dong Wei
  • Zu’an Liu
  • Jiawen Hou
  • Junfei Du
  • Qiong Shen
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


Due to the particularity of the function and the use of school buildings, the quality of indoor thermal environment is directly related to the normal development of educational activities and the quality of talent training in schools. So, it is significant to research and improve the indoor thermal environment. In order to understand the present situation of summer indoor thermal environment in school buildings in hot summer and cold winter zone, this paper takes a teaching building in Chengdu as the research object and combines the PHOENICS software to simulate the current situation of indoor thermal environment in summer. And proposed some kind of the energy-saving design strategies such as adopting different types of shading facilities and setting air guide plate. Finally, we analyzed the effect of different optimizations of strategies on the indoor thermal environment of the summer building in the hot summer and cold winter zone.


School buildings Indoor thermal environment Simulation analysis Energy-saving design strategy 



The project is supported by a key scientific research project of the Sichuan Provincial Department of Education (Number 18ZA0370). Appropriate permissions from responsible authorities of Chengdu Xinchuan Primary School were obtained for study in school building investigating of summer indoor thermal environment.

Ethical standards The authors declare that the experiments comply with the current laws of the country in which they were performed.


  1. 1.
    Lau, S., et al.: A comparative study of thermal comfort in learning spaces using three different ventilation strategies on a tropical university campus. Build. Environ. 148, 579–599 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jindal, A.: Thermal comfort study in naturally ventilated school classrooms in composite climate of India. Build. Environ. 142, 34–46 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Shan, X., et al.: Evaluation of thermal environment by coupling CFD analysis and wireless-sensor measurements of a full-scale room with cooling system. Sustain. Cities Soc. 45, 395–405 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Enescu, D.: A review of thermal comfort models and indicators for indoor environments. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 79, 1353–1379 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Špinar, J., et al.: Thermal comfort: analysis and applications in environmental engineering. World Text. Abstr. Appl. Ergon. 3(3), 181 (1972)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Deng, et al.: Summer measurement and analysis of the indoor thermal environment of a university library in a hot-humid city. J. Guangxi Univ. (Nat. Sci. Ed.) 43(6), 2322–2331 (2018) (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Li, Q., et al.: University library external window sunshade device simulation analysis and optimization design. Procedia Eng. 174, 1196–1201 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Liu, Y., et al.: The analysis of indoor thermal environment in summer for Library of Shihezi University. J. Shihezi Univ. (Nat. Sci.) 36(5), 562–568 (2018) (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zhang, G., et al.: Thermal comfort investigation of naturally ventilated classrooms in a subtropical region. Indoor Built Environ. 16(2), 148–158 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Huang, L., et al.: Climate-responsive design of traditional dwellings in the cold-arid regions of Tibet and a field investigation of indoor environments in winter. Energy Build. 128, 697–712 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Xi, T., et al.: Study on the outdoor thermal environment and thermal comfort around campus clusters in subtropical urban areas. Build. Environ. 52, 162–170 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Luo, M., et al.: Research on classroom thermal environment during the summer in chongqing. J. Chongqing Archit. Univ. 27(1), 88–91 (2005)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lili Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yuyao Hou
    • 1
  • Dong Wei
    • 1
  • Zu’an Liu
    • 1
  • Jiawen Hou
    • 1
  • Junfei Du
    • 1
  • Qiong Shen
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Architecture and Urban-Rural Planning, Sichuan Agricultural UniversityDujiangyanChina

Personalised recommendations