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The Application of Oligosaccharides in Breeding Industry

  • Qingsong Xu
  • Lunxue Wang
  • Yuguang Du
Chapter

Abstract

As the increasing demand for antibiotic substitution at home and abroad, animal husbandry will face serious challenges. How to ensure the healthy growth of breeding animals in the post-antibiotic era has become the most concerned issue in animal husbandry. Oligosaccharides, as one of the alternatives to antibiotics, have attracted more and more attentions. Chitooligosaccharides (COS) is one of the important functional oligosaccharides, which has become a research hotspot in recent years. Because COS contains reactive chemical structure, such as hydroxyl and amino groups, it is characterized as meaningful ingredient for animal health. Thus, the aim of this chapter is to summarize and discuss the results of investigations in which the application of COS in livestock, poultry and ruminants. Numerous studies have shown that COS feed additives have good effects in sow, piglet, broiler, laying hen and calf breeding. It not only can regulate the physiological function of the body and promote metabolism, but also has the functions of antibacterial and enhancing immunity. More importantly, it can accelerate the growth speed, improve the animal performance, promote the quality of products and reduce the mortality rate. Collectively, the introduction and summarization of this chapter reveal the application scope, effect and mechanism of COS in breeding animals, which will provide theoretical support for the development of COS feed additives, and accelerate its industrialization process.

Keywords

Chitosan oligosaccharides Feed additive Livestock Poultry Ruminant 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qingsong Xu
    • 1
  • Lunxue Wang
    • 2
  • Yuguang Du
    • 3
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Biotechnology and Bioresources Utilization of Ministry of EducationDalian Minzu UniversityDalianChina
  2. 2.Dalian Institute of Chemical PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesDalianChina
  3. 3.Institute of Process EngineeringChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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