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Diversity of Endophytic Fungi and Their Role in Artificial Agarwood Production in Aquilaria Tree

  • Hemraj Chhipa
  • Sunil K. Deshmukh
Chapter

Abstract

Endophytic microbial flora induces the plant immunity in response to pathogen attack. Aquilaria is the plant which has high value in diseased state due to production of agarwood after infection. Agarwood has enormous applications in fragrance and pharmaceutical industries. In the present chapter, we have reviewed the diversity of endophytic fungi in different species of the genus Aquilaria. Various fungi from Ascomycota, Zygomycota and Basidiomycota have been reported in the literature. Fungi from division Ascomycota were found to be dominant in Aquilaria and Hypocreaceae, Nectriaceae, Pleosporaceae, and Trichocomaceae families. Some of them have been reported as inducers of artificial infection. Lasiodiplodia sp. and Penicillium polonicum found most suitable endophytic fungi for the rapid production of agarwood within 3 months of infection period.

Keywords

Agarwood Aquilaria Endophyte Oleoresin 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hemraj Chhipa
    • 1
  • Sunil K. Deshmukh
    • 2
  1. 1.College of Horticulture and ForestryAgriculture University KotaJhalawarIndia
  2. 2.Biotech & Management of Bioresources DivThe Energy and Resources InstituteNew DelhiIndia

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