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The Explosion of Brazilian Endophytic Fungal Diversity: Taxonomy and Biotechnological Potentials

  • Jadson Diogo Pereira Bezerra
  • Leticia Francisca da Silva
  • Cristina Maria de Souza-Motta
Chapter

Abstract

Brazil has the most immense biodiversity in the world, and therefore, it also harbors an incredible variety of fungal species. Over the past several decades, starting in the 1950s, Brazilian fungal diversity has been studied by several foreign groups as well as Brazilians not only because of its importance to taxonomy and ecology but also because of its potential as a source for biomolecules of economic interest. The study of endophytic fungi from Brazil has grown during the last 20–30 years, and its contribution to the estimation of global fungal diversity and its potential to produce several molecules have also contributed to the improvement of industrial procedures. Also, some studies investigating fungal endophytic diversity have contributed ecological information to programs for the protection of natural areas. In this chapter, selected publications about the taxonomy, ecology, and/or biotechnological potential of fungal endophytes from Brazil are summarized in order to show the importance of Brazilian endophyte mycodiversity.

Keywords

Bioproducts Biotechnology Brazilian diversity Endophytes Enzymes Mycoendophytes 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq), Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES, Finance Code 001), Fundação de Amparo à Ciência e Tecnologia de Pernambuco (FACEPE), and Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jadson Diogo Pereira Bezerra
    • 1
  • Leticia Francisca da Silva
    • 1
  • Cristina Maria de Souza-Motta
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Micologia Prof. Chaves Batista, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia de Fungos (PPG-BF), CBUniversidade Federal de PernambucoRecifeBrazil

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