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Application of Plant-Based Natural Product to Synthesize Nanomaterial

  • Mohammad Khajeh MehriziEmail author
Chapter
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Part of the Clean Energy Production Technologies book series (CEPT)

Abstract

Nanotechnology is rapidly advancing and is used for a wide range of applications. The chemical and physical methods used to synthesize nanoparticles are expensive and often raise questions of environmental risk because of the use of toxic and hazardous chemicals. Biological methods for nanoparticle synthesis using microorganisms, enzymes, and plant extracts have been suggested as alternatives to chemical and physical methods. The methods have drawn the attention of researchers due to their eco-friendly nature and low-cost, energy-efficient, non-toxic, and easier steps for synthesis. Among these methods, plants (Thuja occidentalis, Ocimum sanctum, Curcuma longa, Ficus benghalensis leaf extract, etc.) are the best candidate and suitable for large-scale biosynthesis of nanoparticles. Many biomolecules in plants such as proteins, amino acids, polysaccharides, alkaloids, alcoholic compounds, and vitamins could be involved in bioreduction, formation, and stabilization of nanoparticles. So, using plants for biosynthesis of nanoparticles has become a major focus of researchers.

Keywords

Nanotechnology Chemical synthesis Biosynthesis Plant 

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Textile DepartmentYazd UniversityYazdIran

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