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Novel Approaches for Detecting Water-Associated Pathogens

  • Vimal K. Maurya
  • Swatantra Kumar
  • Shailendra K. SaxenaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Water-associated infectious diseases are the global concern for public health. In order to achieve the target of pathogen-free water, there is an urgent requirement to develop effective pathogen detection techniques. Advancement of pathogen indicators may help in the identification of large number of novel promising pathogens that cause water-related and water-borne diseases. Advancement of molecular techniques facilitates the differential diagnosis of various pathogens. The best recommended tests for the screening of water-associated pathogens are based on detection of the nucleic acid such as PCR, 16S rRNA, FISH, and DNA microarrays. Newer techniques are required which combine the strategy of accuracy assigned with traditional microbiology and sensitivity related with molecular biology. Biosensor technology has provided a platform which brings together both sensitivity and accuracy with rapid detection. Similarly, the early diagnosis of infectious diseases is the key to fight against it; thus, use of nano-diagnostics has proven to be promising in the detection of infectious agents as compared to traditional diagnostic methods.

Keywords

PCR FISH DNA microarrays Biosensors Nanotechnology Indicators 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vimal K. Maurya
    • 1
  • Swatantra Kumar
    • 1
  • Shailendra K. Saxena
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Centre for Advanced Research, Faculty of Medicine, King George’s Medical UniversityLucknowIndia

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