Advertisement

Relations with Saudi Arabia

  • Md. Muddassir Quamar
Chapter

Abstract

Jordan and Saudi Arabia share a unique relation of mutual interdependence. While economically and politically the Hashemites are dependent on al-Saud, for internal and regional stability, Saudi Arabia seeks Jordanian partnership. It acquires significance because of the historical legacy of rivalry between al-Saud and Hashemites. Until the 1920s, both had been bitter rivals for dominance in the Arabian Peninsula, but with the changing geopolitical dynamics, they emerged as competitors for regional supremacy. Their relations, however, transformed after the World War-II and the rise of pan-Arabism. The demise of pan-Arabism in the wake of the June War of 1967 and oil-boom of the 1970s changed their dynamics and laid the foundations for contemporary bilateral ties.

Keywords

Jordan Saudi Arabia Hashemite al-Saud pan-Arabism pan-Islamism 

References

  1. Al-Jazeera. (2018a, January 29). Iran blasts Jordan’s king over ‘unfair’ statement. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/01/iran-blasts-jordan-king-unfair-statement-180129101847328.html
  2. Al-Jazeera. (2018b, June 11). Gulf nations pledge $2.5bn economic aid package to Jordan. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/06/gulf-nations-pledge-25bn-economic-aid-package-jordan-180611055833875.html
  3. Anthony, J. D. (1979). Foreign policy: The view from Riyadh. The Wilson Quarterly, 3(1), 73–82.Google Scholar
  4. Ashton, N. (2008). King Hussein of Jordan: A political life. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Center for International Communication. (2018, February 28). Saudi Arabia’s aid to the world reaches nearly $33 billion in 10 years. Press Release. https://cic.org.sa/2018/02/saudi-arabias-aid-to-the-world-reaches-nearly-33-billion-in-10-years/
  6. Eran, O., & Guzansky, Y. (2017, April 2). Jordan-Saudi relations, in context of the Arab league summit. INSS Insight, No. 911. http://www.inss.org.il/publication/jordan-saudi-relations-context-arab-league-summit/
  7. George, A. (2005). Jordan: Living in the crossfire. London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
  8. Mann, J. (2014). Saudi-Palestinian relations during the run-up to and the aftermath of Black September. Terrorism and Political Violence, 26(4), 713–724.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Milton-Edwards, B., & Hinchcliffe, P. (2001). Jordan: A Hashemite legacy. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  10. Nevo, J. (1994). Jordan and Saudi Arabia: The last royalists. In J. Nevo & I. Pappé (Eds.), Jordan in the Middle East: The making of a pivotal state, 1948–1988 (pp. 103–118). Essex: Frank Cass & Co.Google Scholar
  11. Nichols, M. (2013, November 13). Saudi rejects U.N. Security Council seat, opening way for Jordan. Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-un-saudi-jordan/saudi-rejects-u-n-security-council-seat-opening-way-for-jordan-idUSBRE9AB14720131112
  12. Obeidat, O. (2014, December 8). Jordan received JD1.2b foreign aid in 11 months. The Jordan Times. http://www.jordantimes.com/news/local/jordan-receives-jd12b-foreign-aid-11-months
  13. Patrick, N. (2013, July). Saudi Arabia and Jordan: Friends in adversity. LSE Kuwait program research paper, no. 31, p. 16, http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/55661/1/__lse.ac.uk_storage_LIBRARY_Secondary_libfile_shared_repository_Content_LSE%20Kuwait%20Programme_PARTRICK%20%28Jan%202015%20update%29.pdf
  14. Teitelbaum, J. (2001). The rise and the fall of the Hashemite Kingdom of Arabia. London: Hurst & Co.Google Scholar
  15. Trofimov, Y. (2007). The siege of Mecca: The forgotten uprising in Islam’s holiest shrine. London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Md. Muddassir Quamar
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Defence Studies and AnalysesNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations