Advertisement

The West Bank Under Jordan

  • Avraham SelaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Although in 1950 the West Bank became constitutionally unified with the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan under the slogan “Unity of the Two Banks,” no effective integration between them was attained during the nearly two decades of Jordanian rule over the area. Rallied around politically radical parties and increasingly engulfed by the anti-western Nasserist wave, the West Bank Palestinians repeatedly demonstrated their discontent over a host of political issues, such as Jordan’s tight reliance on Britain and the US—demanding an inter-Arab alliance instead—Arabisation of the military, equalising the status of Jerusalem to that of Amman, economic neglect of the West Bank, and most of all democratisation of the political system. Following the repression of all political parties in 1957, the Palestinian grievances assumed a more violent form and closer collaboration with Egypt and Syria. The Hashemite regime indeed managed to survive the tide of Nasserism and growing militancy among the West Bank Palestinians. Nonetheless, with the advent of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) in 1964 and Fatah’s sabotage operations against Israel as of 1965, the Palestinian agitation against the Hashemite monarch grew more loud and militant, culminating in mass demonstrations during the May 1967 Israeli-Arab crisis in support of joining the Nasser-led Arab coalition, which eventually accounted for Jordan’s involvement in the June war and loss of the West Bank to Israel.

Keywords

Jordan Hashemite Kingdom West Bank East Bank Palestine Nasserism Jerusalem Israel PLO 

References

  1. Al-Madi, M., & Musa, S. (1988). Tarikh al-‘Urdun fi al-Qarn al-‘Ishreen. Amman: Maktabat al-Muhtasib.Google Scholar
  2. Bar-Lavi, Z.’e. (1981). The Hashemite regime 1949–1967 and its position in the West Bank. Tel-Aviv: Shiloah Institute, Tel-Aviv University.Google Scholar
  3. Cohen, A. (1982). Political parties in the West Bank under the Jordanian regime 1949–1967. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Cohen, A. (1986). The economic development of the territories 1922–1980. Giv’at Haviva: The Institute of Arabic Studies (Hebrew).Google Scholar
  5. Lavie, Ephraim. (2008). The Palestinians in the West Bank: Patterns of political organization under occupation and self-rule. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation submitted to the Senate of Tel-Aviv University (Hebrew), Tel-Aviv.Google Scholar
  6. Sela, A. (1984). The Palestinian Ba’ath: The Arab Ba’ath socialist Party in the West Bank under Jordan (1948–1967). Jerusalem: Magnes Press (Hebrew.Google Scholar
  7. Shemesh, M. (2018). The Palestinian national revival. In the shadow of the leadership crisis, 1937–1967. Bloomingdale: Indiana University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Shlaim, A. (2007). Lion of Jordan. The life of King Hussein in war and peace. London: Allen Lane.Google Scholar
  9. Susser, A. (1994). On both banks of the Jordan. A political biography of Wasfi al-Tall. London: Frank Cass.Google Scholar
  10. State of Israel, The Authority for Economic Planning. (1967). The West Bank – Economic survey. Jerusalem: Prime Minister’s Office.Google Scholar
  11. United Nations Conciliation Commission for Palestine. (1949). Final Report of the United Nations Economic Survey Mission for the Middle East (Pt. 1, Appendix B). Lake Success: United Nations.Google Scholar
  12. West Bank Region, Palestine. Encyclopaedia Britannica. https://www.britannica.com/place/West-Bank. Accessed 11 Oct 2017.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Department of International Relations and the Harry S. Truman Institute for the Advancement of PeaceThe Hebrew University of JerusalemJerusalemIsrael

Personalised recommendations