Muslim Brotherhood and Salafism

  • Joas WagemakersEmail author


Islam has long played an important role in the Jordanian state and society. The country has a regime whose royal family can boast of a robust Islamic pedigree, and apart from the state’s institutions, which represent “official Islam” and the spirituality found in Sufism, Jordan has also witnessed the rise of Islamic movements of various types. Two movements in Jordan that are quite popular are the Muslim Brotherhood and Salafism. This chapter focuses on them, giving special attention to how they have negotiated their relations with the regime throughout their history.


Islamic movements Muslim Brotherhood Salafism Jordan Islamic Action Front 


  1. Antoun, R. T. (1989). Muslim preacher in the modern world: A Jordanian case study in comparative perspective. Princeton: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Boulby, M. (1999). The Muslim brotherhood and the kings of Jordan, 1945–1993. Atlanta: Scholars Press.Google Scholar
  3. Clark, J. A. (2004). Islam, charity, and activism: Middle class networks and social welfare in Egypt, Jordan, and Yemen. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Hamid, S. (2014). Temptations of power: Islamists & illiberal democracy in a new Middle East. Oxford, etc: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Harmsen, E. (2008). Islam, civil society and social work: Muslim voluntary welfare associations in Jordan between patronage and empowerment. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Moaddel, M. (2002). Jordanian exceptionalism: A comparative analysis of state-religion relationships in Egypt, Iran, Jordan, and Syria. New York: Palgrave.Google Scholar
  7. Schwedler, J. (2006). Faith in moderation: Islamist parties in Jordan and Yemen. Cambridge, etc: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Wagemakers, J. (2012). A quietist jihadi: The ideology and influence of Abu Muhammad al-Maqdisi. Cambridge, etc: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Wagemakers, J. (2016). Salafism in Jordan: Political Islam in a quietist community. Cambridge, etc: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Wiktorowicz, Q. (2001). The management of Islamic activism: Salafis, the Muslim brotherhood, and state power in Jordan. Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Philosophy and Religious StudiesUtrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations