Bioremediation of Soil Contaminated with Arsenic

  • María del Carmen MolinaEmail author
  • Luis Fernando Bautista
  • Ignacio Belda
  • Manuel Carmona
  • Eduardo Díaz
  • Gonzalo Durante-Rodríguez
  • Sara García-Salgado
  • Jaime López-Asensio
  • Pilar Martínez-Hidalgo
  • María Ángeles Quijano
  • James F. White
  • Natalia González-Benítez
Part of the Microorganisms for Sustainability book series (MICRO, volume 16)


Human-industrial activity causes a remarkable increase in the arsenic (As) environmental concentrations, with a potential impact in plant and animal health, and may cause severe losses in biodiversity. This metalloid is bioaccumulative through the food chain and highly associated with different types of cancers. To overcome the inherent drawbacks of physicochemical removal techniques, biological treatments arose as adequate and cost-effective remediation alternatives for As pollution. An interest arises from the endophytes, which live inside the host plant and have been studied for their plant growth-promoting properties, production of bioactive molecules, biocontrol processes, and As detoxification. The integration of bioremediation with multiple omic technologies provides, moreover, innovative approaches to handle As remediation. The aim of this review is to show the latest knowledge, advances, and applications in arsenic bioremoval. We will focus on the following items: (1) human and environmental health, (2) biological tools for remediation with an emphasis in plants-microbiome interactions and omic technologies, (3) advances in As speciation analysis, and (4) As biosensors.


Arsenic Bioremediation. Bioreactors Analytical methods Omics Biosensor. 



The authors thank Kathryn L. Kingsley and Dr. I. Irizarry (Rutgers University), Dr. S.K. Verma (Banaras Hindu University), and Dr. R. Simarro (Rey Juan Carlos University) for their invaluable help and collaboration. Molina M.C. greatly thanks Rutgers University for her time there as a Visiting Scientist.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • María del Carmen Molina
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Luis Fernando Bautista
    • 3
  • Ignacio Belda
    • 1
  • Manuel Carmona
    • 4
  • Eduardo Díaz
    • 4
  • Gonzalo Durante-Rodríguez
    • 4
  • Sara García-Salgado
    • 5
  • Jaime López-Asensio
    • 1
  • Pilar Martínez-Hidalgo
    • 1
  • María Ángeles Quijano
    • 5
  • James F. White
    • 2
  • Natalia González-Benítez
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biology and GeologyPhysic and Inorganic Chemistry. ESCETMadridSpain
  2. 2.Department of Plant Biology and Plant PathologyRutgers University, School of Environmental and Biological Sciences (SEBS)New BrunswickUSA
  3. 3.Department of Chemical and Environmental Technology, ESCETUniversidad Rey Juan CarlosMadridSpain
  4. 4.Department of Microbial and Plant BiotechnologyCentro de Investigaciones BiológicasMadridSpain
  5. 5.Department of Civil Engineering: Hydraulic and Land Planning, ETSICUniversidad Politécnica de MadridMadridSpain

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