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Natural Disasters and Coastal Agro-ecosystems

  • Velmurugan Ayyam
  • Swarnam Palanivel
  • Sivaperuman Chandrakasan
Chapter

Abstract

The coastal regions are prone to natural disasters, but the impact varies with the geographical location and adaptive capacity of the individual countries to cope with the post-disaster situations. Historical records show that cyclonic storm and flooding are the major disasters experienced, and these inflict heavy loss to agriculture and allied sectors. One of the main reasons for poor productivity and services of agro-ecosystem is due to uncertain weather and its associated natural disasters. On an average, the agriculture sector—including crops, livestock, fisheries, and forestry—absorbs approximately 22% of the economic impact caused by medium- and large-scale natural hazards and disasters. The high impact of natural hazards and disasters on agriculture calls for enhanced mainstreaming of disaster risk reduction and resilience building within the agricultural sectors. Adaptation options such as protective and production measures besides proper policy supports are discussed in this chapter.

Keywords

Cyclones Flooding Tropical coast Agro-ecosystem Disaster management 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Velmurugan Ayyam
    • 1
  • Swarnam Palanivel
    • 1
  • Sivaperuman Chandrakasan
    • 2
  1. 1.ICAR-Central Island Agricultural Research InstitutePort BlairIndia
  2. 2.Zoological Survey of India – ANRCPort BlairIndia

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