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Land Resources of the Tropics vis-a-vis the Hinterland

  • Velmurugan Ayyam
  • Swarnam Palanivel
  • Sivaperuman Chandrakasan
Chapter

Abstract

Land resources are vital for the development of any region which varies from place to place. In the tropical region, high rainfall, intensive solar radiation, luxuriant vegetation, and type of parent materials besides topography are the factors determining the soil formation and its properties. Laterization, humification, and salinization are the major specific pedogenic process in the tropical region. In the coastal tropical regions, alluvial, laterite, and organic soils are the major soils which are highly modified or influenced by human activities. Occurrence of acid sulphate and sandy soils is specific to the tropical coastal areas which are major constraint for the crop production. As a result land degradation of various types occurred causing decline in land productivity. Different soil resource management options are suggested based on the constraints of different locations for the sustainable resource use in the tropical coastal areas.

Keywords

Tropical soils Assessment Laterization Organic soils Management 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Velmurugan Ayyam
    • 1
  • Swarnam Palanivel
    • 1
  • Sivaperuman Chandrakasan
    • 2
  1. 1.ICAR-Central Island Agricultural Research InstitutePort BlairIndia
  2. 2.Zoological Survey of India – ANRCPort BlairIndia

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