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Bioremediation: Key to Restore the Productivity of Coastal Areas

  • Velmurugan Ayyam
  • Swarnam Palanivel
  • Sivaperuman Chandrakasan
Chapter

Abstract

Human activities particularly in the coastal areas resulted in pollution of different kinds. This seriously affected the entire coastal ecosystem. Most important pollutants are sediments, nutrients, heavy metals, and hydrocarbons. Removal of these pollutants and remediation of the contaminated/polluted soil and water assume greater significance to protect the environment and improve the productivity of the land. In this context, microbial assemblages, bioproducts, and higher plants are gaining increasing prominence for their potential in the remediation of contaminated coastal and marine ecosystems. The details of different methods used for bioremediation are discussed with case examples.

Keywords

Coastal pollution Oil spills Heavy metals Phytoremediation Biomolecules 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Velmurugan Ayyam
    • 1
  • Swarnam Palanivel
    • 1
  • Sivaperuman Chandrakasan
    • 2
  1. 1.ICAR-Central Island Agricultural Research InstitutePort BlairIndia
  2. 2.Zoological Survey of India – ANRCPort BlairIndia

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