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Biosaline Agriculture

  • Velmurugan Ayyam
  • Swarnam Palanivel
  • Sivaperuman Chandrakasan
Chapter

Abstract

In view of rapidly increasing human population and demand for diverse food items crop production must increase substantially if food security is to be ensured. At the same time, arable land and good-quality irrigation water resources are being depleted at faster rate particularly in the arid, semi-arid, and tropical regions. Over the years the salinization of soil and water has steadily increased due to various causes, and the increase in food production essentially depends on this degrading resources. In this context plant-based approaches of using salt-affected land and water are based on the salinity ranges of soil, water and other associated factors termed as biosaline agriculture. This chapter gives an overview of biosaline agricultural strategies as a solution to use salt-affected soils and water which primarily involves selection of suitable halophytes for direct use and production of new genotypic material capable of growing in the saline environment. The biosaline agriculture not only helps in halting further deterioration of marginal lands but also has direct commercial uses such as food, forage/fodder, livestock, medicinal uses, wood, biofuel and bioenergy. Further research is essential to explore the usefulness of several halophytes and its possible introduction into coastal saline areas, improvement of cultivated species, monitoring of salinity level in land and water, and its effective use through innovations.

Keywords

Halophytes Tropical coast Saline soils Salinity tolerance Food security 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Velmurugan Ayyam
    • 1
  • Swarnam Palanivel
    • 1
  • Sivaperuman Chandrakasan
    • 2
  1. 1.ICAR-Central Island Agricultural Research InstitutePort BlairIndia
  2. 2.Zoological Survey of India – ANRCPort BlairIndia

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