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“Rule of Law” Under the Chinese Communist Party’s Leadership: The Case of the Professionalization of Judges and the CCP’s Governance of the People’s Court

  • Hiroko NaitoEmail author
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Part of the Emerging-Economy State and International Policy Studies book series (EESIPS)

Abstract

Promoting the “Rule of Law” is one of the important issues in examining the resilience of the CCP’s leadership. The People’s Court became one of the most important governmental bodies after the CCP considered installing the “Rule of Law,” and the problem of professionalizing judges to ensure fair judgement in the court system became a main reason to discuss the “Rule of Law” in Chinese context. This chapter applies process tracing to visualize the law-making and revision process of the Judges Law and applies the framework of street-level bureaucracy to examine the reality of the professionalization of judges. This chapter reveals that the CCP’s motive behind professionalization is the unification of the judge’s quality and thier integration with the CCP, as the CCP is the most highly-educated organization, with a meritocratic political system. However, the CCP’s promotion of legal professionalization controversially revealed the conservative behavior of judges and the local people’s court. They preferred to maintain the status quo when the CCP’s policy or the law tried to change the profit structure in which they participated.

Keywords

People’s court The Judges law “Rule of law” Professionalization 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This paper was supported by a JSPS Grant-in-Aid for Researcher Activity Start-up, Kakenhi 17H06507.

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Northeast Asian StudiesTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan

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