A Preliminary Study on the Attractive Factors of Car Headlight Form Design

  • Huan LinEmail author
  • Shijian Luo
  • Chen Zhu
  • Hongzhuan Ding
  • Huiming Yi
  • Ze Bian
  • Fangtian Ying
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 576)


In the era of perceptual consumption, car styling design is an important factor that affects the customer’s purchase decision, which leads to competition among different car enterprises. Car headlight that is the most important component in the car body needs to be investigated. In this study, Kansei engineering and its related mathematical method that are widely used to translate customer’s feelings or perceptions to design features or elements are applied to the car headlight form design research. Firstly, perceptual words of car headlights and representative headlight samples are selected. Secondly, perceptual image space is built based on the semantic differential method. Then, the prominent perceptual words are obtained based on the principle component analysis and all samples on prominent perceptual words are ranked. The result shows that the sample shape design with a metaphor of “angry face” has higher perceptual scores that will leave a deep impression on customers and have more attractiveness. The proposed design strategies can be taken as a design reference to car designers or car companies.


Car headlight Kansei engineering Principle component analysis Form design 



This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51675476 and No. 51175458).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Huan Lin
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shijian Luo
    • 1
  • Chen Zhu
    • 2
  • Hongzhuan Ding
    • 2
  • Huiming Yi
    • 2
  • Ze Bian
    • 1
  • Fangtian Ying
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Computer Science and TechnologyZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.College of Mechanical EngineeringQuzhou UniversityQuzhouChina

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