The Sundarban and Its Environment
The Sundarban is the UNESCO designated World Biosphere Reserve (in 2001) and inscribed as the Natural World Heritage Site in 1987. It is the largest halophytic mangrove forest in a single block, famous for in-situ conservation of endangered endemics and magnificent biodiversity of flora and fauna. The mangrove forest and associates, marsh grass, phytoplankton, molluscs and other coastal vegetation in the Sundarban sequester a huge amount of ‘Blue Carbon’ that reduces the global warming. Nowadays, low-lying coastal areas and islands like the Sundarban are in the limelight of climate change. Sea level rise, sea surface temperature, both the intensity and frequency of tropical cyclones, air temperature, rainfall, salinity, surface water pH and water transparency, all the environmental indicators in the Sundarban, are increasing in trend. This chapter provides insights into the detailed examination of the environment in the Sundarban based on the existing literatures.
KeywordsSundarban Biosphere Reserve (SBR) Sundarban Tiger Reserve (STR) Environmental change Sea level rise Tropical cyclone Salinity
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