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Fundamental Processes Involved in Seed Priming

  • Ehab Awad-Allah Ibrahim
Chapter

Abstract

Seed priming is an effective tool to enhance germination of seeds and subsequent growth of seedlings under both ideal and adverse conditions. The positive effects of seed priming are due to varied physiological, biochemical, and molecular changes. These improvements include activation of enzymes that are involved in cellular metabolism, metabolism of inhibitors, breaking seed dormancy, and water imbibition. Environmental stresses can adversely affect growth of plant at the physiological, biochemical, and molecular levels. The plants grown from the primed seeds tend to have better tolerance to abiotic stresses. Seed priming enhances the metabolic processes within the germinating seed, leading to buildup of abiotic stress tolerance. However, physiological, biochemical, and cellular mechanisms of this phenomenon are not well understood. This chapter deals with recent progress in understanding the roles of seed priming in various physiological, biochemical, and molecular mechanisms during seed germination and post-germination stages as well as how it assists in regulating plant tolerance to abiotic stresses. Further, factors affecting seed priming and mechanisms of abiotic stress tolerance with priming agents were explained in the current state research work.

Keywords

Seed priming Abiotic stress Physiological basis Biochemical basis Seed germination Priming agents 

Abbreviations

ABA

Abscisic acid

AgNPs

Biocompatible silver nanoparticles

APX

Ascorbate peroxidase

AsA

Ascorbic acid

ATP

Adenosine triphosphate

BABA

Beta-aminobutyric acid

CAT

Catalase

FC

Field capacity

GA3

Gibberellin

GB

Glycine betaine

GPOX

Guaiacol peroxidase

GR

Glutathione reductase

GSH

Reduced glutathione

HSPs

Heat shock proteins

IAA

Indole-3-acetic acid

JA

Jasmonic acid

LEA

Late embryogenic abundance

MDA

Malondialdehyde

NR

Nitrate reductase

PAL

Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase

PAs

Polyamines

PEG

Polyethylene glycol

POX

Peroxidase

PPO

Polyphenol oxidase

ROIs

Reactive oxygen intermediates

ROS

Reactive oxygen species

SA

Salicylic acid

SOD

Superoxide dismutase

XOD

Xanthine oxide

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ehab Awad-Allah Ibrahim
    • 1
  1. 1.Cross Pollinated Vegetable Crops Research DepartmentHorticulture Research Institute, Agricultural Research CenterGizaEgypt

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