Fundamental Processes Involved in Seed Priming

  • Ehab Awad-Allah Ibrahim


Seed priming is an effective tool to enhance germination of seeds and subsequent growth of seedlings under both ideal and adverse conditions. The positive effects of seed priming are due to varied physiological, biochemical, and molecular changes. These improvements include activation of enzymes that are involved in cellular metabolism, metabolism of inhibitors, breaking seed dormancy, and water imbibition. Environmental stresses can adversely affect growth of plant at the physiological, biochemical, and molecular levels. The plants grown from the primed seeds tend to have better tolerance to abiotic stresses. Seed priming enhances the metabolic processes within the germinating seed, leading to buildup of abiotic stress tolerance. However, physiological, biochemical, and cellular mechanisms of this phenomenon are not well understood. This chapter deals with recent progress in understanding the roles of seed priming in various physiological, biochemical, and molecular mechanisms during seed germination and post-germination stages as well as how it assists in regulating plant tolerance to abiotic stresses. Further, factors affecting seed priming and mechanisms of abiotic stress tolerance with priming agents were explained in the current state research work.


Seed priming Abiotic stress Physiological basis Biochemical basis Seed germination Priming agents 



Abscisic acid


Biocompatible silver nanoparticles


Ascorbate peroxidase


Ascorbic acid


Adenosine triphosphate


Beta-aminobutyric acid




Field capacity




Glycine betaine


Guaiacol peroxidase


Glutathione reductase


Reduced glutathione


Heat shock proteins


Indole-3-acetic acid


Jasmonic acid


Late embryogenic abundance




Nitrate reductase


Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase




Polyethylene glycol




Polyphenol oxidase


Reactive oxygen intermediates


Reactive oxygen species


Salicylic acid


Superoxide dismutase


Xanthine oxide


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ehab Awad-Allah Ibrahim
    • 1
  1. 1.Cross Pollinated Vegetable Crops Research DepartmentHorticulture Research Institute, Agricultural Research CenterGizaEgypt

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