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Physiological, Biochemical, and Molecular Aspects of Seed Priming

  • Sadam Hussain
  • Saddam Hussain
  • Abdul Khaliq
  • Shafaqat Ali
  • Imran Khan
Chapter

Abstract

Seed priming is a low-cost and effective strategy to enhance seed germination, vigor index, and yield in many field crops mainly under adverse environmental conditions. Seed priming is known to trigger the normal metabolic developments during early stage of germination, before the radicle protrusion. Higher, faster, and synchronized germination of primed seeds largely occurs due to enzyme activation, reduced imbibition time, metabolic reparation during imbibition, buildup of germination-promoting metabolites, and osmotic adjustment. Moreover, plants emerging from primed seeds exhibit faster activation of cellular defense systems, which trigger tolerance against consequent exposure to environmental stresses in the field. Several seed priming approaches including hydropriming, nutrient priming, hormonal priming, chemical priming, osmopriming, and redox priming can be effectively used under different environmental conditions. The present chapter provides an overview of the physiological, biochemical, and molecular changes modulated by seed priming, which enhance seed germination and plant growth. Moreover, it discusses the possible mechanisms associated with seed priming-induced abiotic stress tolerance in plants.

Keywords

Abiotic stresses Antioxidants Seed priming Osmotic adjustment Physiological and molecular mechanisms 

Abbreviations

AQP

Aquaporin

AsA

Ascorbic acid

ATP

Adenosine triphosphate

BER

Base excision repair

CAT

Catalase

DEPs

Differentially expressed proteins

DHN

Dehydrins

GA

Gibberellin

GR

Glutathione reductase

H2O2

Hydrogen peroxide

HR

Homologous recombination

LEA

Late embryogenesis abundant

MT

Metallothionein

NaCl

Sodium chloride

NER

Nucleotide excision repair

OA

Osmotic adjustment

OP

Osmotic potential

PAs

Polyamines

PEG

Polyethylene glycol

POD

Peroxidases

Pro

Proline

ROS

Reactive oxygen species

RWC

Relative water contents

SOD

Superoxide dismutase

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sadam Hussain
    • 1
  • Saddam Hussain
    • 1
  • Abdul Khaliq
    • 1
  • Shafaqat Ali
    • 2
  • Imran Khan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AgronomyUniversity of Agriculture FaisalabadFaisalabadPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Sciences and EngineeringGovernment College University FaisalabadFaisalabadPakistan

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