Physiological, Biochemical, and Molecular Aspects of Seed Priming

  • Sadam Hussain
  • Saddam Hussain
  • Abdul Khaliq
  • Shafaqat Ali
  • Imran Khan


Seed priming is a low-cost and effective strategy to enhance seed germination, vigor index, and yield in many field crops mainly under adverse environmental conditions. Seed priming is known to trigger the normal metabolic developments during early stage of germination, before the radicle protrusion. Higher, faster, and synchronized germination of primed seeds largely occurs due to enzyme activation, reduced imbibition time, metabolic reparation during imbibition, buildup of germination-promoting metabolites, and osmotic adjustment. Moreover, plants emerging from primed seeds exhibit faster activation of cellular defense systems, which trigger tolerance against consequent exposure to environmental stresses in the field. Several seed priming approaches including hydropriming, nutrient priming, hormonal priming, chemical priming, osmopriming, and redox priming can be effectively used under different environmental conditions. The present chapter provides an overview of the physiological, biochemical, and molecular changes modulated by seed priming, which enhance seed germination and plant growth. Moreover, it discusses the possible mechanisms associated with seed priming-induced abiotic stress tolerance in plants.


Abiotic stresses Antioxidants Seed priming Osmotic adjustment Physiological and molecular mechanisms 





Ascorbic acid


Adenosine triphosphate


Base excision repair




Differentially expressed proteins






Glutathione reductase


Hydrogen peroxide


Homologous recombination


Late embryogenesis abundant




Sodium chloride


Nucleotide excision repair


Osmotic adjustment


Osmotic potential




Polyethylene glycol






Reactive oxygen species


Relative water contents


Superoxide dismutase


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sadam Hussain
    • 1
  • Saddam Hussain
    • 1
  • Abdul Khaliq
    • 1
  • Shafaqat Ali
    • 2
  • Imran Khan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AgronomyUniversity of Agriculture FaisalabadFaisalabadPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Sciences and EngineeringGovernment College University FaisalabadFaisalabadPakistan

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