Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants by Priming and Pretreatments with Phytohormones

  • Muhammad Sarfraz
  • Sajid Hussain
  • Muhammad Ijaz
  • Ahmad Nawaz
  • Tauqeer Ahmad Yasir
  • Ahmad Sher
  • Allah Wasaya
  • Shakeel AhmadEmail author


Seed priming and seedling pretreatments improve the stand establishment seedling growth by improving nutrient accumulation in roots/shoots, and the activity of antioxidant enzymes thus enhance tolerance against multiple abiotic stresses including drought, extreme temperature, salinity, toxic metal/metalloid(s), waterlogging, etc., which are threatening the productivity of agronomic and horticultural crops across the globe. The phytohormones involved in complex mechanisms including plant metabolic activities and signaling pathways, thus reducing generation of free radical and activation of defense mechanism against abiotic stresses. Many studies have reported that seed priming with plant hormones (especially gibberellic acid, cytokinins, abscisic acid, brassinosteroids, jasmonic acid, polyamines, salicylic acid) at low concentration might be useful to improve the crop establishment, leaf/shoot/root growth, and productivity of diverse crop biotypes under abiotic stresses. However, the role of seed priming with plant hormones in improving the crop performance under heat stress and waterlogging stress has rarely been investigated, which needs the further attention of crop scientists. In this chapter, we have reviewed and accumulated the recent advances in plant science regarding seed priming and pretreatment with phytohormones to enhance crop tolerance against multiple abiotic stresses.


Abiotic stress Salinity Drought Salicylic acid Jasmonic acid Abscisic acid 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Sarfraz
    • 1
  • Sajid Hussain
    • 1
  • Muhammad Ijaz
    • 1
  • Ahmad Nawaz
    • 1
  • Tauqeer Ahmad Yasir
    • 1
  • Ahmad Sher
    • 1
  • Allah Wasaya
    • 1
  • Shakeel Ahmad
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.College of AgricultureBahauddin Zakariya UniversityLayyahPakistan
  2. 2.Department of AgronomyBahauddin Zakariya UniversityMultanPakistan

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