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Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants Through Pre-sowing Seed Treatments with Mineral Elements and Growth Regulators

  • Aman Ullah
  • Babar ShahzadEmail author
  • Mohsin Tanveer
  • Faisal Nadeem
  • Anket Sharma
  • Dong Jin Lee
  • Abdul Rehman
Chapter

Abstract

Unfavorable environmental conditions and extreme abiotic stresses (high/low temperature, drought, salinity, and heavy metal stress) severely affect crop growth and productivity. Although different measures have been taken to counter the detrimental effects of climatic conditions through the development of drought-, salt-, and heat-tolerant varieties. Nevertheless, seed priming is considered one promising approach to get successful crop production due to improved seed germination and stand establishment ensuring food production and sustainability. Seed priming is a technique in which crop seeds are dipped in the water, nutrients, or plant growth regulators to allow the metabolic activities to occur without radicle protrusion. Priming of crop seeds with micronutrients has been shown to improve abiotic stress tolerance and quality of produce.

Keywords

Abiotic stress tolerance Nutrient priming Oxidative stress Crop productivity Crop yield 

Abbreviations

ABA

Abscisic acid

ATP

Adenosine triphosphate

BR

Brassinosteroid

CAT

Catalase

CK

Cytokinin

ET

Ethylene

GA

Gibberellin

HET

High-effective thiazole

IAA

Auxin

JA

Jasmonic acid

MDA

Malondialdehyde

NO

Nitric oxide

PEG

Polyethylene glycol

PGPR

Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria

POX

Peroxidase

Put

Putrescine

SA

Salicylic acid

SNP

Sodium nitroprusside

SOD

Superoxide dismutase

Spd

Spermidine

Spm

Spermine

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aman Ullah
    • 1
  • Babar Shahzad
    • 2
    Email author
  • Mohsin Tanveer
    • 2
  • Faisal Nadeem
    • 1
  • Anket Sharma
    • 3
  • Dong Jin Lee
    • 4
  • Abdul Rehman
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Agronomy, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of AgricultureFaisalabadPakistan
  2. 2.Tasmanian Institute of AgricultureUniversity of TasmaniaHobartAustralia
  3. 3.Plant Stress Physiology Lab, Department of Botanical and Environmental SciencesGuru Nanak Dev UniversityAmritsarIndia
  4. 4.Department of Crop Science and BiotechnologyDankook UniversityChungnamRepublic of Korea
  5. 5.College of AgricultureBahauddin Zakariya UniversityLayyahPakistan

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