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Seed Priming Toward Enhanced Chilling Tolerance in Field Crops: An Overview

  • Hafiz Athar Hussain
  • Sadam Hussain
  • Shakeel Ahmad Anjum
  • Saddam Hussain
Chapter

Abstract

Abiotic stresses are the most important limiting factors for crop productivity worldwide in the wake of climatic change. Among the various kinds of abiotic stresses, chilling is one of the important components that limit the growth and final productivity of field crops. Chilling-induced adversities in plant growth and yield mainly occur due to physical and biochemical damages, physiological alterations, and molecular disruptions. Several management approaches are being tested in reducing the detrimental impacts of chilling stress. Seed priming can be a good approach to overcome the negative effects of the chilling stress in different crops. Primed seeds show increased germination rates and better seedling establishment which result in high level of chilling stress tolerance and vigorous plant growth. This chapter provides an overview of physiological, morphological, and biochemical responses of crops to chilling stress and highlights the role of seed priming in augmenting chilling tolerance in crop plants.

Keywords

Seed priming Chilling tolerance Crop plants Morphophysiological growth 

Abbreviations

ABA

Abscisic acid

APX

Ascorbate peroxidase

AQP

Aquaporin

But

Butenolide

CAT

Catalase

Ct

Chitosan

GA3

Gibberellic acid

H2O2

Hydrogen peroxide

KNO3

Potassium nitrate

LEAs

Late embryogenesis abundant proteins

PAs

Polyamines

PB

Plant biostimulants

PEG

Polyethylene glycol

POD

Peroxidase

Put

Putrescine

ROS

Reactive oxygen species

SMP

Solid matrix priming

SOD

Superoxide dismutase

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hafiz Athar Hussain
    • 1
  • Sadam Hussain
    • 2
  • Shakeel Ahmad Anjum
    • 2
  • Saddam Hussain
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development in AgricultureChinese Academy of Agricultural SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of AgronomyUniversity of Agriculture FaisalabadFaisalabadPakistan

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