Design and Analysis of Elliptic Curve Cryptography-Based Multi-round Authentication Protocols for Resource-Constrained Devices

  • Adarsh KumarEmail author
  • Alok Aggarwal
  • Neelu Jyoti Ahuja
  • Ravi Singhal
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 989)


Authentication is among the initial steps of network formulation. Lightweight authentication processes are preferred for resource-constrained devices. These processes are efficient in terms of computational and communicational costs but inappropriate in providing required security rating. This work explores the feasibility of elliptic curve-based cryptography (ECC) for authentication processes. Three lightweight authentication protocols, which use ECC are identified and analysed for hierarchical network. These protocols are simulated and validated using lightweight cryptography primitives and protocols. In results, it is observed that out of three protocols protocol 1 performs better for 75 and 1000 nodes networks. In comparative analysis, a minimum of 14.1% and maximum of 24.7% throughput improvement is observed. Further, delay is reduced by 15.6% (minimum) and 31.3% (maximum) for protocol 1 as compared to protocol 2 and protocol 3.


ECC Authentication RFID Reader Tag Simulation QoS 


  1. 1.
    Ashton, K.: That ‘Internet of Things’ thing, in the real world things matter more than ideas. RFID J. (2009). Accessed 15 July 2014
  2. 2.
    Uckelman, D., Harrison, M., Michahelles, F.: Architecturing the Internet of Things. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Aggarwal, C.C., Ashish, N., Sheth, A.: The Internet of Things: a survey from the data-centric perspective. In: Aggarwal, C. (ed.) Managing and Mining Sensor Data, pp. 383–428. Springer (2013)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Abyaneh, M.R.S.: Security analysis of lightweight schemes for RFID systems. Ph.D. thesis, University of Bergen, Norway (2012)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Juel, A., Weis, S.: Authenticating pervasive devices with human protocols. In: Shoup, V. (ed.) Advances in Cryptology-Crypto 05. LNCS, vol. 3126, pp. 293–298. Springer (2005)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Peris-Lopez, P., Hernandez-Castro, J.C., Esteveze-Tapiador, J.M., Ribagorda, A.: RFID systems: a survey on security threats and proposed solutions. In: International Conference on Personal Wireless Communication-PWCA’06. LNCS, vol. 4217, pp. 159–170, Albacete, Spain (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Moore, G.E.: Cramming more components onto integrated circuits. Electronics (1965).
  8. 8.
    Peris-Lopez, P., Hernandez-Castro, J.C., Estevez-Tapiador, J.M., Ribagorda, A.: Attacking RFID systems. In: Harold, F., Nozaki, K., Tipton, M. (ed.) Information Security Management Handbook, pp. 313–334. Auerbach Publications (2011)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Peris-Lopez, P., Hernandez-Castro, J.C., Estévez-Tapiador, J.M., Ribagorda, A.: LMAP: a real lightweight mutual authentication protocol for low-cost RFID tags. In: Proceedings of 2nd Workshop on RFID Security, p. 6 (2006)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Peris-Lopez, P., Hernandez-Castro, J.C., Estevez-Tapiador, J.M., Ribagorda, A.: M2AP: a minimalist mutual-authentication protocol for low-cost RFID tags. In: International Conference on Ubiquitous Intelligence and Computing, pp. 912–923. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Li, T., Wang, G.: Security analysis of two ultra-lightweight RFID authentication protocols. In: IFIP International Information Security Conference, pp. 109–120. Springer, Boston, MA (2007)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chien, H.Y.: SASI: a new ultralightweight RFID authentication protocol providing strong authentication and strong integrity. IEEE Trans. Dependable Secure Comput. 4(4), 337–340 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Cao, T., Bertino, E., Lei, H.: Security analysis of the SASI protocol. IEEE Trans. Dependable Secure Comput. 6(1), 73–77 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Phan, R.C.W.: Cryptanalysis of a new ultralightweight RFID authentication protocol—SASI. IEEE Trans. Dependable Secure Comput. 6(4), 316–320 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sun, H.M., Ting, W.C., Wang, K.H.: On the security of Chien’s ultralightweight RFID authentication protocol. IEEE Trans. Dependable Secure Comput. 8(2), 315–317 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hernandez-Castro, J.C., Peris-Lopez, P., Phan, R.C.W., Tapiador, J.M.: Cryptanalysis of the David-Prasad RFID ultralightweight authentication protocol. In: International Workshop on Radio Frequency Identification: Security and Privacy Issues, pp. 22–34. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Tian, Y., Chen, G., Li, J.: A new ultralightweight RFID authentication protocol with permutation. IEEE Commun. Lett. 16(5), 702–705 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Cheng, Z.Y., Liu, Y., Chang, C.C., Chang, S.C.: Authenticated RFID security mechanism based on chaotic maps. Secur. Commun. Netw. 6(2), 247–256 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    D’Arco, P., De Santis, A.: On ultralightweight RFID authentication protocols. IEEE Trans. Dependable Secure Comput. 8(4), 548–563 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Avoine, G.: Adversarial model for radio frequency identification. IACR Cryptol. ePrint Archive 2005, 49 (2005)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Juels, A., Weis, S.A.: Defining strong privacy for RFID. ACM Trans. Inf. Syst. Secur. (TISSEC) 13(1), 7 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Burmester, M., Van Le, T., de Medeiros, B.: Provably secure ubiquitous systems: universally composable RFID authentication protocols. In: Securecomm and Workshops, 2006, pp. 1–9. IEEE (2006)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Damgård, I., Pedersen, M.Ø.: RFID security: tradeoffs between security and efficiency. In: Topics in Cryptology–CT-RSA 2008, pp. 318–332. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2008)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ha, J., Moon, S., Zhou, J., Ha, J.: A new formal proof model for RFID location privacy. In: European Symposium on Research in Computer Security, pp. 267–281. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adarsh Kumar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alok Aggarwal
    • 1
  • Neelu Jyoti Ahuja
    • 1
  • Ravi Singhal
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Petroleum and Energy StudiesDehradunIndia

Personalised recommendations