Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection and Cytomegalovirus Retinitis

  • Ian Y. WongEmail author
  • Yong Tao
Part of the Retina Atlas book series (RA)


Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis is the most important blinding complication in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Before the introduction of the highly active or combination antiretroviral therapy (HAART), the incidence of CMV retinitis was as high as 45.3 per 1000 person-years (Schwarcz et al. 2013).


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong KongHong KongChina
  2. 2.Department of OphthalmologyBeijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical UniversityBeijingChina

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