Common HIV Co-infections in China: HBV, HCV, and TB

  • Li LiEmail author
  • Jennifer M. McGoogan
  • Zunyou Wu


Co-infections common among people living with HIV (PLWH) in China include hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacterium that causes tuberculosis (TB). On their own, each of these infectious diseases, HIV, HBV, HCV, and TB, are major contributors to the global burden of disease. In combination, they are clinically very challenging to manage and are generally associated with poorer outcomes including elevated morbidity and mortality. In China, PLWH, in general, bear a disproportionate burden of viral hepatitis and tuberculosis. However, people who acquired their HIV infection via injecting drug use are dramatically more vulnerable to HBV, HCV, and TB co-infection. China must endeavor to find these people with HIV co-infections, durably link them to care, and help them to initiate treatment. Enhanced screening and integrated care models would help China to better care for people with HIV co-infections.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NCAIDSChina CDCBeijingChina

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