Genomic Intervention in Wheat Improvement
Common wheat is the second most important cereal crop after rice worldwide. Hexaploidy nature of wheat genome makes it the model crop for the study of allopolyploid genomes with highly repetitive sequences. Conventional approaches of genome sequencing proved to be very tedious and time consuming for allohexaploid wheat. Therefore, with the advancement in the latest next generation sequencing technologies led IWGC to precisely map the wheat genome (~17 Gb). This genome sequence opens new avenues for functional characterization of genes which is the need of the hour for devising new strategies for wheat improvement. Here, we discuss the genome sequencing technologies, functional and comparative genomics of wheat to bridge the gap between genotype and phenotype.
KeywordsWheat Genome sequencing Functional genomics Comparative genomics
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