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Chloroplast Proteins and Virus Interplay: A Pathfinder to Crop Improvement

  • Neelam Yadav
  • Dinesh Kumar Yadav
  • Sarika Yadav
  • S. M. Paul Khurana
Chapter

Abstract

Plant viruses always posed extensive losses to crop production. Thus, it is of utmost importance to plant virologists and biologists to accurately identify culprit host plant proteins which participate in plant-virus interactions. Advancements in molecular virology and plant biotechnology have led to many major breakthroughs in past years enabling recognition of innumerable host factors of virus-plant interactions. Interestingly majority of these host factors are chloroplast and photosynthesis related proteins. Hence chloroplast-virus interaction is an epicentre of plant-virus interplays, and its study could help to understand mechanisms of virus infection, spread, symptom development and host resistance. Advanced proteomic tools have empowered the development of sensitive and effective methods to detect host and viral proteins of interplays. Thus, precise information on chloroplast-virus interaction could be used to develop finer disease control strategies and genetically engineered plants with better photosynthetic efficiency and yields.

Keywords

Chloroplast-virus interaction Plant defence Plant-virus interaction Viral movement Viral replication Virus symptoms 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Neelam Yadav
    • 1
  • Dinesh Kumar Yadav
    • 1
  • Sarika Yadav
    • 2
  • S. M. Paul Khurana
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of AllahabadAllahabadIndia
  2. 2.Department of Biochemistry, Sri Venkateshawara CollegeUniversity of DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Amity Institute of BiotechnologyAmity UniversityGurgaonIndia

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