Harnessing Entomopathogenic Fungi for Enhanced Farm Productivity and Profitability

  • Suseelendra Desai
  • T. V. Prasad
  • G. Praveen Kumar
  • John Peter
  • Leo Danile Amalraj


Entomopathogenic fungi form an essential component of the integrated insect-pest management strategies. The insect-pests and their entomopathogenic fungi have co-evolved over centuries and thus established an equilibrium. Species of Metarhizium, Lecanicillium, Nomuraea, Isaria, etc. have been studied extensively, and the commercial products based on Nomuraea rileyi, Lecanicillium (Verticillium) leccanii, Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium anisopliae are popular among farmers. Several modes of action of these fungi against target pests have been elucidated. Introduction of pesticides has not only undermined the value of these fungi but also disturbed the equilibrium. The entomopathogenic fungi are living organisms formulated and delivered to the farming community for the management of target insect-pests. Due to the lag in realizing the benefit of these biocontrol agents, the farmers started using the pesticides which show their effect immediately. While on one side, indiscriminate use of these pesticides in the last three decades has led to the loss of biodiversity of beneficial organisms, pollinators, other animal and bird species; on the other side, emphasis on organic agriculture has compounded the value of these products. Thus, the interest in these biocontrol agents has re-invigorated. Several commercial formulations are already used by the farming community for the management of insect-pests. In this review, an attempt was made to appraise the status of these entomopathogenic fungi, their commercial exploitation, research gaps and way forward.


Insect-pests Entomopathogenic fungi Beauveria Metarhizium Nomuraea Lecanicillium Biointensive insect-pest management 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suseelendra Desai
    • 1
  • T. V. Prasad
    • 2
  • G. Praveen Kumar
    • 3
  • John Peter
    • 4
  • Leo Danile Amalraj
    • 4
  1. 1.Plant PathologyICAR-Central Research Institute for Dryland AgricultureSantoshnagarIndia
  2. 2.Agricultural EntomologyICAR-Central Research Institute for Dryland AgricultureSantoshnagarIndia
  3. 3.Drugs Control Laboratory, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh, SMC CampusVijayawadaIndia
  4. 4.Varsha Bioscience and Technology India Pvt. Ltd.VinaynagarIndia

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