Diversity in Xylan-degrading Prokaryotes and Xylanolytic Enzymes and Their Bioprospects

  • Digvijay Verma
  • Ravi Kumar
  • Tulasi Satyanarayana


Heterogenous nature of xylan leads to the multiplicity in xylanolytic enzymes for its complete degradation, where β-1,4-endoxylanases and β-xylosidases play a key role due to their direct action on glycosidic linkages of xylan backbone. α-Glucuronidase (EC, α-L-arabinofuranosidase (EC, acetyl xylan esterase (EC, and lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase (LPMO) are the other prominent players in the xylanolytic enzyme system. Xylan-degrading enzymes are produced by a large number of bacteria and a few archaea. These share a major chunk of industrially relevant enzymes because of their immense potential and widespread applications in several industries that include food/feed, paper, textile, oil extraction, bioethanol, prebiotics, and de-inking waste paper. Microorganisms are a rich source of xylanolytic enzymes. Xylanases produced by bacteria and archaea are functional in broader pH (5.0–10.0) and temperature (30–100 °C) ranges. Easiness in cultivation, rapid growth rates, and well-established methods of DNA manipulations make bacteria preferred microbes over others for xylanase production. This chapter deals with the diversity of bacteria and archaea which produce a variety of xylan-hydrolyzing enzymes and their widespread applications.


Bacteria Archaea Metagenomics Xylanases Xylooligosaccharides Pulp bleaching Dye Decolorization Bioethanol 



Authors are grateful to the University Grants Commission, New Delhi, and Indo-US Science & Technology Forum, New Delhi, for awarding Faculty Fellowship and financial assistance to one of us (TS) while writing this review.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Digvijay Verma
    • 1
  • Ravi Kumar
    • 2
  • Tulasi Satyanarayana
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyBabasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar (Central) UniversityLucknowIndia
  2. 2.Division of Biological Sciences and EngineeringNetaji Subhas University of Technology (NSUT)New DelhiIndia

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