Advertisement

Challenges Encountered for Enrolment in Aawaz Health Insurance Scheme by Construction Migrant Workers in Kerala

  • N. C. SreekumarEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The state of Kerala has been a favourite soil for internal migrants in India in the recent years. The number of migrants multiplies every year owing to the high demand for labourers in unorganized sectors and high wages in Kerala. The state government, considering the significance of the migrants in the state economy and labour force, has introduced a slew of schemes over the years to provide social security to them. Aawaz is a new health insurance scheme, first of its kind in India that looks forward to bring all migrants under its cover. However, Aawaz enrolment is problematic and full of impediments. Despite the best efforts taken by the officials, the enrolment is still incomplete due to a variety of reasons. This paper takes a look at the factors that come in the way of implementation of the Aawaz in full swing and how the government personnel manage to overcome the challenges.

Keywords

Construction migrant workers Informal sector Kerala Aawaz health insurance scheme Enrolment issues 

References

  1. Acharya, S., & Reddy, S. (2016). Migrant women in construction work: Examining issues and challenges in Delhi. Amity Journal of Health Care Management, 1(1), 1–20.Google Scholar
  2. Borhade, A. (2011). The health of internal labour migrants in India: Some reflections on the current situation and way forward. Asia Europe Journal, 8(4), 457–460.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. George, D. (2014). Towards new contours of internal migration: A study of internal migration problems in Ernakulum, Kerala through an assessment of the issues raised in Benyamin’s Goat days. University Grants Commission. Minor Research Project.Google Scholar
  4. Government of Kerala (2016). Order on Aawaz. No:1325/2016/Labour, Dated: 27/10/2016. Thiruvananthapuram.Google Scholar
  5. Government of Kerala (2017). Order on Aawaz. No: 1399/2017/Labour, Dated: 25/10/2017. Thiruvananthapuram.Google Scholar
  6. Gumber, A. (2000). Health care burden on households in the informal sector: Implications for social security assistance. Indian Journal of Labour Economics, 43(2), 277-291.Google Scholar
  7. Hopkins, E, Bastagli, F., & Hagen-Zanker, J. (2016). Internal migrants and social protection: A review of eligibility and take-up. In Working Paper, Shaping policy for development.Google Scholar
  8. Haseena, V. A. (2015). Welfare scheme for domestic migrant workers in the analysis of Kerala. Public Policy and Administration Research. l5(2), 100–103.Google Scholar
  9. Hugo, G. (2016). The demographic underpinnings of current and future international migration in Asia. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, 7(1), 1–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. International Labour Organization. (2002). Women and men in the informal economy. A statistical picture. International Labour Organization.Google Scholar
  11. International Migration Organisation. (2018). Key migration terms. https://www.iom.int/key-migration-terms.
  12. Kannan, K. P., & Papola, T. S. (2007). Workers in the informal sector: Initiatives by India’s national commission for enterprises in the unorganized sector (NCEUS). International Labour Review, 146, 321.Google Scholar
  13. Moses, J. W., & Rajan, S. I. (2012). Labour migration and integration in Kerala. Labour and Development, 19(1), 1–18.Google Scholar
  14. NCEUS. (2008). Definitional and statistical issues. Task Force Report. National commission for enterprises in the unorganized sector. New Delhi.Google Scholar
  15. Piché, V., & Dutreuilh, C. (2013). Contemporary migration theories as reflected in their founding texts. Population, 68(1), 141–164.Google Scholar
  16. Srivastava, R., & Sutradhar, R. (2016). Labor migration to the construction sector in India and its impact on rural poverty. Indian Journal of Human Development, 10(1), 27–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Unni, J. (2005). Wages and incomes in formal and informal sectors in India. Indian Journal of Labour Economics, 48(2), 311–319.Google Scholar
  18. Urquia, M. L., & Gagnon, A. J. (2011). Glossary: Migration and health. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre of Social Medicine and Community Health, School of Social SciencesJawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations