Tooling Cardboard for Smart Reuse: A Digital and Analog Workflow for Upcycling Waste Corrugated Cardboard as a Building Material

  • Julio DiarteEmail author
  • Elena Vazquez
  • Marcus Shaffer
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 1028)


This paper is a description of a hybridized digital and analog workflow for reusing waste corrugated cardboard as a building material. The work explores a combination of digital design and analog fabrication tools to create a workflow that would help designers/builders to negotiate with the material variability of waste cardboard. The workflow discussed here was implemented for designing and fabricating a prototypical modular floor panel using different sheets of waste cardboard combined with repurposed wood. The implementation shows that combining digital and analog tools can create a novel approach to material reuse, and facilitate a design/fabrication culture of smart reuse that supports informal building and making at recycling collection centers in developing countries for housing alternatives.


Smart reuse Waste cardboard architecture Digital analog workflow Parametric design 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Stuckeman School of Architecture and Landscape ArchitectureThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA
  2. 2.Facultad de Arquitectura, Diseño y ArtesUniversidad Nacional de AsuncionSan LorenzoParaguay

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