Localization and Indoor Navigation for Visually Impaired Using Bluetooth Low Energy

  • Bhalaji Nagarajan
  • Valliappan Shanmugam
  • V. AnanthanarayananEmail author
  • P. Bagavathi Sivakumar
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 141)


Wireless personal networks such as infrared, Bluetooth, or wireless local area networks such as Wi-Fi or a combination of both are widely used for navigation. Real-world deployment of these systems offers various challenges. In this work, we propose a localization and indoor navigation solution using short range, low-energy Bluetooth-emitting devices, called “Beacons”, which are used for identifying the location of different structures based on its position. An experimental analysis for effective placement of beacons, the data structures used, and the algorithm that would assist in navigation are discussed in detail. The algorithm is realized as a self-sufficient navigation solution for visually impaired using an Android application.


Bluetooth low energy Identification Localization Navigation 



The experiments were carried out with hardware support from the Mobile and Wireless Networks lab, Amrita School of Engineering, Coimbatore. We would like to thank Dr. Paramanathan P., Assistant Professor from the Department of Mathematics, Amrita School of Engineering for his support in formulating the paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bhalaji Nagarajan
    • 1
  • Valliappan Shanmugam
    • 1
  • V. Ananthanarayanan
    • 1
    Email author
  • P. Bagavathi Sivakumar
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Computer Science and EngineeringAmrita School of Engineering, Amrita Vishwa VidyapeethamCoimbatoreIndia

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