Human mindset is central to innovations. Deeper understanding of human mind gives us better insights to harness its innovation potential and perhaps, inculcate innovative mindsets. Mind supervenes on the brain organ. Mind is formless and non-physical, whereas the brain has the physical structure. Information exchange between the mind and body sensory organs and systems is coordinated via nervous system which comprises of brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerves. A simplistic metaphor to illustrate this is a computer. The mind is akin to software while the physical body is akin to biological hardware with brain as its biological central processing unit, CPU. Our thoughts, feelings, inspirations, sensory inputs and environment, experiences, culture, and education elicit the mind and often re-set mind. In other words, such external as well as internal inputs influence all things an individual can do with mind. Goal of this brief article is to capture the latest scientific advances in understanding of the human mind, and thus bringing us closer to gain a better sense of an innovative mindset.


  1. Nowogrodzki, A.: The strongest scanners. Nature 563, 24–26 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Revonsuo, A.: The reinterpretation of dreams: an evolutionary hypothesis of the function of dreaming. Behav. Brain Sci. 2000(23), 793–1121 (2000)Google Scholar
  3. Lipton, B.H.: The Biology of Belief, Matter & Miracles, 464 p. (2015)Google Scholar
  4. Humphries, C.: Tracing a memory. MIT Technol. Rev. (2016)Google Scholar
  5. Keil, F.C., Wilson, R.A. (eds.): MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences, Intelligence, 1096 p. MIT Press (2001). ISBN 9780262731447Google Scholar
  6. Arnulf, I., et al.: What does the sleeping brain say? Syntax and semantics of sleep talking in healthy subjects and in Parasomnia patients. Sleep 40(11) (2017).
  7. Kaplan, M.: Happy with a 20% chance of sadness. Nature 563, 20–22 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ramakrishna, S.: Power of the Human Mind, Tabla, p. 15. SPH Publishers, Singapore (2018)Google Scholar
  9. Ramakrishna, S., Ng, D.: The Changing Face of Innovation, 250 p. World Scientific Publishers (2011). ISBN-13 978-9814291583Google Scholar
  10. Ramakrishna, S., He, L., Wu, W.: Editorial overview: neural interfaces and neuro-prosthetics. Curr. Opin. Biomed. Eng. 6, vi–viii (2018). Scholar
  11. Miller, W.R., C’de Baca, J.: Quantum Change, 212 p. Guildford Press, 2 May 2001. ISBN 9781572305052Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore

Personalised recommendations