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Bioremediation: A Sustainable and Emerging Tool for Restoration of Polluted Aquatic Ecosystem

  • Bhat Mohd Skinder
  • Baba Uqab
  • Bashir Ahmad Ganai
Chapter

Abstract

The most important and visible factors like the population explosion, urbanization and economic growth are accountable for ecological degradation and contamination. Ecological detoxification is a riddle that needs to be solved through ecological concepts and techniques. Thus, the application of advanced science and technology helps us to apply diverse biota for pollution abatement. Diverse and potential biota has efficiency to reinstate the polluted environment effectively, but dearth of knowledge about the factors viz., pH, moisture content, temperature, redox potential, soil type and oxygen controlling the growth and metabolism of microorganism in polluted environments often limits its implementation. The enhancements in bioremediation have been realized through the help of the various areas of microbiology, biochemistry, molecular biology, analytical chemistry, chemical and environmental engineering. The techniques involved in the process of bioremediation are Ex-Situ and In-Situ, depends on the type and site of contamination. In the present context it has been revealed bioremediation plays an important role in the restoration of polluted ecosystem through environmental friendly mechanisms.

Keywords

Bioremediation Phytoremediation Aquatic ecosystem Pollutants Contamination Heavy metals Bioaugmentation Biostimulation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bhat Mohd Skinder
    • 1
  • Baba Uqab
    • 1
  • Bashir Ahmad Ganai
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Science/Centre of Research for DevelopmentUniversity of KashmirSrinagarIndia

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