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Oxidative Stress and Labile Zinc in Heart Dysfunction Under Hyperglycemia

  • Belma TuranEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Three major biological roles of zinc (as Zn2+) in several proteins and enzymes, including the catalytic, structural and regulatory, brings Zn2+ to be an important signaling molecule. Zn2+ mediates many vital physiological processes in mammalian cells, including normal cellular growth, synthesis of DNA, and stability of membranes. Since Zn2+ has hydrophilic property, its direct passive diffusion does not possible through cell membranes. Transportation of Zn2+ in both directions through the cell membrane, therefore, needs special transport systems such as specific Zn2+-transporters, besides others binding or sensing Zn2+. Although recent studies focused on the biological role of free (labile) Zn2+ ([Zn2+]i), its functional role in cardiomyocytes, at the cellular level, is not completely understood. Having a strong relation with cellular [Ca2+]i, the [Zn2+]i in cardiomyocytes found to be increased markedly under both hyperglycemia and oxidative stress. Recently, several important data pointed out the vital role of cellular well-controlled [Zn2+]i through Zn2+-transporters in cardiomyocytes Zn2+ signaling by Zn2+-transporters in normal heart function. Furthermore, those studies emphasized how any alteration in Zn2+ signaling due to changes in either [Zn2+]i and/or function of Zn2+-transporters can underline the development of pathological conditions in the heart. Taken into consideration the importance of Zn2+-transporters in the regulation of [Zn2+]i in cardiomyocytes, the present review focused on documentation of the present and recent data on the hypothesis of possible relations between high [Zn2+]i and oxidative stress in heart dysfunction under hyperglycemia.

Keywords

Left ventricle Reactive oxygen species Reactive nitrogen species Zinc ion Zinc-transporters Heart failure Hyperglycemia Diabetes 

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biophysics, Faculty of MedicineAnkara UniversityAnkaraTurkey

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