Food Security and Livelihood Vulnerability to Climate Change in Trinidad and Tobago

  • Kalim U. ShahEmail author
  • Hari Bansha Dulal
  • Mohammed T. Awojobi


Household-level food security in coastal wetland communities in Trinidad and Tobago experience increasing challenges in the face of climatic change. These communities rely heavily on natural resources and agriculture for their livelihoods. Household data were collected from 138 households in the Nariva and Caroni communities focusing on gender and socio-demographic structure, livelihood strategies and social networks; exposure to climate change and climate-induced extreme weather events, such as floods and droughts; and access to services and infrastructure. Using regression analyses, the influences of adaptive capacity to climate change on food security were analysed by gender, household and communities. Household socio-demographic structure and livelihood strategies were strongly related to food security and food security was reduced in the face of climate variability and disaster. Household social networks households had no significant influence. These conclusions offer directions for community and national planners and policy makers in Trinidad and in other similar country circumstances where climate change is significant.


Food security Vulnerability Climate change Adaptation Trinidad and Tobago 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kalim U. Shah
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hari Bansha Dulal
    • 2
  • Mohammed T. Awojobi
    • 1
  1. 1.Biden School of Public Policy and AdministrationUniversity of DelawareNewarkUSA
  2. 2.Kennedy School of Government, Harvard UniversityCambridgeUSA

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