Unemployment, Migration and Cyber Criminality in Nigeria
It could only have been a pleasant surprise if the densely populated virtual world of the Internet is crime-free. While it is understandable that crime is inevitable in every human community, including the Internet, because humans are not angels, it is mind boggling that the level of this species of crime in Nigeria is gargantuan. There are variegated versions of cyber-criminality in the world, but the majority of the versions of the crime that originate from Nigeria or by Nigerians elsewhere are economic; hence, this chapter discusses cyber-criminality in Nigeria, querying the roles of the economic realities of the country, especially unemployment and economic migration in promoting the e-crimes. This study is qualitative in design, and it adopts the explanatory capability of McClelland’s Needs Theory in the content analysis of data collected from secondary sources such as textbooks, journals, newspapers and the Internet. The study identified the motivation to satisfy needs for achievement, affiliation and power, which could not be satisfied due to unemployment or underemployment, as the root of the intimidating level of cyber-criminality in Nigeria. It recommended value reorientation, job creation and the implementation of the letters and spirits of the laws against cyber-criminality in Nigeria as the solutions to the ravaging and image-battering crime in the country.
KeywordsUnemployment Migration Cyber-crimes Internet
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