Advertisement

Security Funding, Accountability and Internal Security Management in Nigeria

  • Saheed Babajide Owonikoko
Chapter

Abstract

The thesis view of the study is that although more resources have been allocated for security in Nigeria, Tthe country has not attained security commensurate to funds disbursed . This is due largely to lack of transparency and accountability in the process of disbursement and utilisation of security funds in Nigeria. The chapter ends with a recommendation that the channels of disbursement and utilisation of security funds in Nigeria be reviewed and transparency and accountability be incorporated into it for effective utilisation.

Keywords

Security Funds Accountability Transparency Security management 

References

  1. Adsera, E., et al. (2003). Are you being served? Political accountability and quality of government. Journal of Law, Economics and Organisation, 19(2), 23–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Agbakwuru, J., & Erunke, J. (2014). Poor budgetary allocation stall police recruitment-Minister. Vanguard, February 26. Retrieved June 4, 2019, from https://www.vanguardngr.com/2014/02/poor-budgetary-allocation-stalls-policerecruitment-minister-2/.
  3. Agbigboa, D. E. (2015). Policing is not work, It is stealing by force: Corrupt policing and related abuses in everyday Nigeria. Africa Today, 62(2), 95–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Albert, I. O. (2015). Stakeholders’ engagement with the first phase of the Niger Delta Amnesty deal in Nigeria. Journal of the Society for Peace Studies and Practice, 1(4), 388–402.Google Scholar
  5. Albert, I. O., & Danjibo, D. N. (2004). Borno: Fitting the designs of the political elites. In A. V. Isumonah (Ed.), Participatory democracy and good governance in Nigeria: Programme on ethnic and federal studies. Ibadan: Department of Political Science, University of Ibadan.Google Scholar
  6. Ball, N. (1984). Measuring Third World security expenditure: A research note. World Development, 12(2), 157–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ball, N. (2002). Managing the military budgeting process: Integrating the defence sector into Government-wide Process. Paper presented at the workshop on the military expenditure budgeting process, Accra, February 25–26.Google Scholar
  8. CKN Nigeria. (2015). Beko Ransome Kuti’s Brig. General son faces mutiny charges. Available at http://www.cknnigeria.com/2015/05/beko-ransome-kutis-brig-general-son.html. Retrieved January 21, 2017.
  9. Daniel, E. (2010). Nigeria: How the president and governors steal from “security votes”. Available at http://www.elombah.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=3225:security-votes-as-veritable-avenues-for-corruption&catid=36:omoba&Itemid=83. Retrieved January 21, 2017.
  10. Dillon, M. (1996). The politics of security. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Egbo, O., Nwakoby, I., Onwumere, J., & Uche, C. U. (2010). Legitimizing corruption in government: Security votes in Nigeria. ASC Working Paper Issue 91. Leiden: African Studies Centre.Google Scholar
  12. Imobighe, A. T. (1990). Doctrines for and threats to internal security. In A. E. Ekoko & M. A. Vogt (Eds.), Nigeria defence policy: Issues and problems. Lagos: Malthouse Press.Google Scholar
  13. Imobighe, T. A. (2014). Funding the Nigerian Army for sustenance of democracy: Implications for emerging security challenges. In A. I. Muraina (Ed.), Changing role of the Nigerian Armed Forces and funding implications. Ibadan: Gold Press.Google Scholar
  14. International Encyclopedia of the Social Science, Fifth Edition, p. 210.Google Scholar
  15. Kingsley, O. (2009). Indiscipline, corruption bane of Nigeria Police – Onovo. Vanguard, September 29.Google Scholar
  16. Mahmud, E. (1997). Accounting, control and accountability: Preliminary evidence from ancient Egypt. Critical Perspectives on Accounting, 8(6), 563–601.Google Scholar
  17. Manunta, G. (1999). What is security? Journal of Physical Security, 7 (2), 57–55Google Scholar
  18. McNamara, R. (1968). The essence of security: Reflection in office. New York: Hodder and Stoughton.Google Scholar
  19. Mulgan, R. (2000). “Accountability”: An ever-expanding concept. Public Administration, 78(3), 555–573.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Muraina, A. I. (2014a). Optimal resource allocation in defence. In A. I. Muraina (Ed.), Changing role of the Nigerian Armed Forces and funding implications. Ibadan: Gold Press.Google Scholar
  21. Muraina, A. I. (2014b). Adam Smith and public funding of defence. In A. I. Muraina (Ed.), Changing role of the Nigerian Armed Forces and funding implications. Ibadan: Gold Press.Google Scholar
  22. Nigeria Today. (2016). Recession: How governors loot billions through security votes. Retrieved from http://Nigeriatoday.ng/. Accessed January 12, 2017.
  23. Nigeria Watch Project. (2015). Fifth Report on Violence in Nigeria.Google Scholar
  24. Nwolise, O. B. C. (1985). Nigeria’s defence and security system today. In U. Eleazu (Ed.), Nigeria: The first 25 years. Ibadan: Heinemann and Info-data.Google Scholar
  25. Nwolise, O. B. C. (1987). Factors explaining high defence expenditure in Africa, 1967–1977. PhD Thesis, Department of Political Science, University of Ibadan.Google Scholar
  26. Nwolise, O. B. C. (2012). Spiritual dimension of human and national security. Faculty Lecture delivered on April 26, 2012 at Faculty of the Social Sciences, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State.Google Scholar
  27. Olufemi, J., & Akinwumi, R. (2015). EXCLUSIVE: Many more people killed in Nigeria despite unprecedented N1.48 trillion arms spending. Available at http://www.premiumtimesng.com/sports/193291-exclusive-many-more-people-killed-in-nigeria-despite-unprecedented-n1-48trillion-arms-spending-2.html. Accessed on January 21, 2017
  28. Omitoogun, W. (2003). Military expenditure data in Africa: A survey of Cameroon, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria and Uganda. SIPRI research report, no. 17. London: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  29. Osumah, O., & Aghedo, I. (2010). The open sore of a nation: Corruption complex and internal security in Nigeria. African Security, 3(3), 137–147.Google Scholar
  30. Owonikoko, B. S. (2013). Interrogating Nigerian government’s counterterrorism campaign against Boko Haram in the North East. Text of paper presented at the conference organised by the Society for Peace Studies and Practice (SPSP) on defining and rethinking peace and security system in transitional democracies, held in Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria, March 25–27, 2013.Google Scholar
  31. Owonikoko, B. S. (2016). An assessment of government engagement with armed groups in the Niger Delta region, Nigeria. An Unpublished PhD Thesis, Institute for Peace and Strategic Studies, University of Ibadan.Google Scholar
  32. Owonikoko, B. S. (2019). Government engagement with non-state armed groups in Niger delta region, Nigeria. Düsseldorf, Germany: Lambert Academic Publishing.Google Scholar
  33. Owonikoko, B. S., & Ifukor, U. (2016). From campuses to communities: Community-based cultism and local responses in the Niger Delta region, Nigeria. African Research Review: International Journal of Arts and Humanities, 5(4), 80–93.Google Scholar
  34. Petterson, T., & Wallensteen, P. (2015). Armed conflicts, 1946–2014. Journal of Peace Research, 52(4), 536–550.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Plescia, J. (2001). Judiciary accountability and immunity in Roman law. American Journal of Legal History, 45(1), 51–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Premium Times. (2015). 36 governors seek increased security votes to combat Boko Haram. Retrieved from http://www.premiumtimesng.com/news/top-news/5746-36-governors-seek-increased-security-votes-state-police-to-combat-boko-haram.html. Accessed January 30, 2017
  37. Pyman, M. (2008). The defence and national security implications of corruption, and new tools for addressing the issue. An address to the NATO Parliamentary Assembly, Economic and Security Committee, Valencia, Spain, November 14.Google Scholar
  38. Reyes, W. (2006). Leadership accountability in a globalising World. London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  39. Robert, J. T. (1982). Accountability in Athenian government. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.Google Scholar
  40. Robertson, N. (2015). Nigerian military disorganised, underequipped in battle against Boko Haram. CNN, 15 January. Available at http://edition.cnn.com/2015/01/15/africa/nigeria-military-families-boko-haram/. Accessed on January 27, 2017
  41. Sahara Reporter. (2009). Obasanjo’s brother-in-law, Kenny Martins arraigned for “419”. Available at http://saharareporters.com/2009/05/03/obasanjos-brother-law-kenny-martins-arraigned-419. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
  42. Sahara Reporter. (2016, May, 16). N600m fraud: Court grant bail to Atawodi. Retrieved June 5, 2019, from http://saharareporters.com/2016/05/16/n600m-fraud-court-grants-bail-atawodi.
  43. Seidman, G. (2005). The origins of accountability: Everything I know about the sovereigns’ immunity, I learnt from King Henry III. St. Louis Law Journal, 49(2), 393–480.Google Scholar
  44. Simbine, A. T. (1997). Peacekeeping in Nigeria’s foreign policy: An evaluative analysis. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Political Science, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.Google Scholar
  45. Sofiri, J. (2007). On the militarization of Nigeria’s Niger Delta: The genesis of ethnic militia in Rivers State. Economies of Violence Working Paper No. 21.Google Scholar
  46. Thisday News. (2015, December 13). US$ billion arm deal: Report indicts former president, p. 7.Google Scholar
  47. Vanguard Newspaper. (2015). Terrorism: I headed a military that lacked equipment & motivation to fight – Badeh, July 30. Retrieved January 20, from http://www.vanguardngr.com/2015/07/terrorism-i-headed-a-military-that-lacked-equipment-motivation-to-fight-badeh/.
  48. Vanguard News. (2015a, December 13). Presidential investigation committee on arm procurement submits report, p. 4.Google Scholar
  49. Vanguard News. (2015b, December 9). Dasuki’s arm deal scandal and blood of the innocent. Retrieved June 5, 2019, from https://www.vanguardngr.com/2015/12/dasukis-arms-deal-scandal-and-blood-of-the-innocent/.
  50. Vanguard Newspaper. (2016). No law supporting security votes in Nigeria-Robert Clarke SAN. Retrieved January 20, from http://www.vanguardngr.com/2016/12/no-law-supporting-security-vote-nigeria-robert-clarke-san/.
  51. Volman, D. (2009). Government gear up for another offensive in the Niger Delta. TELL, September 28.Google Scholar
  52. Wright, D. J. (n.d.). Exposing the chameleon: Response to “accountability and public administration”. Canadian Public Administration, 39(2), 226–234.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saheed Babajide Owonikoko
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Peace and Security StudiesModibbo Adama University of TechnologyYolaNigeria

Personalised recommendations